Most Probable Questions for Mains

GS1

17.12.20 Question :Discuss the unparallell role played by Birsa Munda in the history of India?

Reference :
https://indianexpress.com/article/who-is/who-was-birsa-munda/

Synopsis :https://civilscafeiassc.in/2020/12/15/answer-synopsis-15-12-2020/

15.12.20 Question :Indian coastal areas were recently threatened by different cyclones like Amphan and Nivar. Enlist the factors influencing the origin and development of tropical cyclones and why Bay of Bengal remains constant source of cyclones?

Reference :
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/what-are-tropical-cyclones-and-super-cyclones/article31657893.ece

Synopsis :https://civilscafeiassc.in/2020/12/15/answer-synopsis-15-12-2020/

11.12.20 Question :India’s women who are enrolled in education and employment are far less than their counterparts. Examine the reasons and probable solutions for this gap in India?

Reference :
https://www.epw.in/engage/article/women-and-girls-access-and-experience-education

Synopsis :https://civilscafeiassc.in/2020/12/11/answer-synopsis-11-12-2020/

02.12.20 Question :The differently abled are turned into ‘disabled’ because the society is built in a manner that does not cater to their needs. Comment. (10 marks, 150 words)

Reference :
https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/beyond-the-barriers-of-disability/article32624953.ece

Synopsis :https://civilscafeiassc.in/2020/12/02/answer-synopsis-02-12-2020/

GS2

14.01.2021 Question :India has witnessed many instances of invocation of Article 356 and the issues circling it. Highlight the constitutional conditions for valid exercise of Article 356 and the consequences of invocation of Article 356?

Reference :
https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/article-356-and-an-activist-judiciary/article33419769.ece?homepage=true

Synopsis :https://civilscafeiassc.in/2021/01/14/answer-synopsis-14-01-2021/

11.01.2021 Question :Multiple fissures has emerged in the sound relation between India and Nepal, highlight the issues aggravating this relation? Bring out the areas where India can work in future to resolve this issues?

Reference :
https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/recalibrating-india-nepal-ties/article33215647.ece

Synopsis :https://civilscafeiassc.in/2021/01/11/answer-synopsis-11-01-2021/

08.01.2021 Question :The devolution of funds to the states have seen a downfall. In this very outset discuss the reasons for the decreased allocation in funds along with its aftereffects? (10 marks, 150 words)

Reference :
https://www.hindustantimes.com/business-news/cut-in-states-share-in-tax-may-become-next-big-flashpoint/story-R77aApdxDN1UXfuqYgKIEM.html

Synopsis :https://civilscafeiassc.in/2021/01/06/answer-synopsis-06-01-2021/

06.01.2021 Question :India – Canada relations have seen a blow due to remarks of Canadian PM. What would be the possible impacts of this deteriorating relation with Canada? (10 marks, 150 words)

Reference :
https://www.indiawrites.org/india-and-the-world/turning-over-a-new-leaf-in-india-canada-relations/

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/blogs/toi-editorials/political-games-trudeaus-comments-on-farmer-protests-can-undermine-india-canada-relations/

Synopsis :https://civilscafeiassc.in/2021/01/06/answer-synopsis-06-01-2021/

21.12.20 Question :Covid stricken India have witnessed the plight of migrant laborers.  Point out the reasons for this and the measures needed to tackle it?

Reference :
https://www.epw.in/journal/2020/16/editorials/plight-stranded-workers.html

Synopsis :https://civilscafeiassc.in/2020/12/21/answer-synopsis-21-12-2020/

18.12.20 Question :Differently abled are among one of the most vulnerable sections of the society in the age of social dynamics. Comment. What are the measures taken by the government for the welfare of this section of people?

Reference :
https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/beyond-the-barriers-of-disability/article32624953.ece

Synopsis :https://civilscafeiassc.in/2020/12/10/answer-synopsis-18-12-2020/

10.12.20 Question :WTO’s mandate as a trade body is decreasing day by day. In the light of recent incidents happening in the international arena critically analyze the above statement.

Reference :
https://www.hindustantimes.com/opinion/for-wto-it-is-now-or-never-opinion/story-mGh8cVG8J2O6sUBF0OkZDJ.html

Synopsis :https://civilscafeiassc.in/2020/12/10/answer-synopsis-10-12-2020/

09.12.20 Question :There are growing concerns about the falling efficiency of the parliament. Enumerate the key issues. What has been done so far in this regard? Suggest measures to improve this condition.

Reference :
https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/parliament-stifled-business-and-a-word-of-advice/article32526621.ece/amp/

Synopsis :https://civilscafeiassc.in/2020/12/07/answer-synopsis-04-12-2020-2/

04.12.20 Question :What are the constitutional provisions governing the financial relations between the Union and the States. Comment on the role of Finance Commission in this regard.

Reference :
https://www.google.com/amp/s/indianexpress.com/article/opinion/editorials/centre-and-state-tax-revenues-7048283/lite/

Synopsis :https://civilscafeiassc.in/2020/12/07/answer-synopsis-04-12-2020-2/

03.12.20 Question :Fundamental Duties, though significant, have certain limitations. Examine.

Reference :
https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/rights-duties-and-the-constitution/article30915951.ece

Synopsis : https://civilscafeiassc.in/2020/12/03/answer-synopsis-03-12-2020/

01.12.20 Question :In contrast to state agencies, non-state actors have certain characteristics that make them better suited to developmental activities. Discuss. Also, highlight the problems that NGOs have been facing in India and give remedial measures to deal with them. (10 marks, 150 words)

Reference :
https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/open-page/demystifying-ngos/article32249068.ece

Synopsis : https://civilscafeiassc.in/2020/12/01/answer-synopsis-01-12-2020/

30.11.20 Question :Discuss the structure, powers and limitations of NHRC?

Reference :
https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/giving-human-rights-commissions-more-teeth/article31111463.ece

Synopsis : https://civilscafeiassc.in/2020/11/30/answer-synopsis-30-11-2020/

25.11.20 Question : What is the importance of NAM (Non alignment policy). Do you think India’s foreign policy seems to be moving away from “non-alignment.” Comment.

Reference :
https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/what-is-in-a-nam-and-indias-alignment/article32555378.ece

Synopsis : https://civilscafeiassc.in/2020/11/25/answer-synopsis-25-11-2020/

24.11.20 Question : Enumerate the discretionary powers of the Governor mentioned in the Indian Constitution. Why is it said that the post of governor has become highly politicized?

Reference :
https://www.orfonline.org/expert-speak/recurring-controversy-governor-role-state-politics-67433/

Synopsis : https://civilscafeiassc.in/2020/11/24/answer-synopsis-24-11-2020/

23.11.20 Question : Parliamentary committees perform an important function of maintaining continuous accountability of the Executive. Explain. What are the factors that limit the functioning of these committees?

Reference :
http://thehindu.com/opinion/lead/parliamentary-scrutiny-on-the-back-burner/article32699224.ece

Synopsis : https://civilscafeiassc.in/2020/11/23/answer-synopsis-23-11-2020/

19.11.20 Question : Basic structure doctrine is a novel feature of Indian constitution. Discuss the events that led to its gradual evolution?

Reference :
https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/kesavananda-bharati-supreme-court-lets-define-the-core-6605286/

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-47-years-of-a-judgment-that-upheld-basic-structure-of-indias-constitution-6379081/

Synopsis : https://civilscafeiassc.in/2020/11/19/answer-synopsis-19-11-2020/

17.11.20 Question : Intertwined with various concerns new labour codes are proposing to simplify the country’s archaic labour laws and give impetus to economic activity without compromising with the workers’ benefits. Discuss

Reference : https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/health/the-double-burden-of-malnutrition-need-for-urgent-policy-action/article30479202.ece/amp/

Synopsis : https://civilscafeiassc.in/2020/11/17/answer-synopsis-17-11-2020/

16.11.20 Question : Discuss in detail the concerns about the democratic functioning of parliament in light of evoking the ‘Question Hour’. (10m, 150 words)

Reference

Synopsis : https://civilscafeiassc.in/2020/11/16/answer-synopsis-16-11-2020/

13.11.20 Question : Discuss in detail the concerns about the democratic functioning of parliament in light of evoking the ‘Question Hour’. (10m, 150 words)

Reference

Synopsis : https://civilscafeiassc.in/2020/11/13/answer-synopsis-13-11-2020/

12.11.20 Question : “The Covid-19 pandemic has significant impact on both oil demand as well as the supply side, creating unprecedented global scenario”. Comment. (15 marks, 250 words)

Reference

Synopsis : https://civilscafeiassc.in/2020/11/12/answer-synopsis-12-11-2020/

11.11.20 Question :“India’s evolving multi-polar foreign policy is reflected in India’s Affiance to QUAD”. Comment. (15 marks, 250 words)

Reference:

Synopsis : https://civilscafeiassc.in/2020/11/11/answer-synopsis-11-11-20/

GS3

13.01.2021 Question :Disaster management in India has undergone change throughout the years from relief centric to proactive prevention, mitigation and preparedness oriented approach. Discuss the evolution of this new approach and how has this been put into effect?

Reference :
https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.thehindubusinessline.com/opinion/india-is-not-prepared-for-natural-disasters/article30463153.ece/amp/

Synopsis :https://civilscafeiassc.in/2021/01/13/answer-synopsis-13-01-2021/

12.01.2021 Question :In the recent Covid era we have seen increasing presence of many OTT platforms and social media platforms. Discuss the issues emanating from this increased influence and the need for controlling these platforms? What are the possible solutions to overcome this issue? (15 marks, 250 words)

Reference :
https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/content-tracking-the-hindu-editorial-on-government-regulation-of-online-news-ott-services/article33097122.ece/amp/

Synopsis :https://civilscafeiassc.in/2021/01/12/answer-synopsis-12-01-2021/

05.01.2021 Question : This COVID-19 pandemic has exposed how differently the population groups in different economic strata are affected by pandemics. What in your opinion are the most adversely impacted populations? What measures would you suggest to provide relief to those groups? Discuss.

Reference :
https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/readersblog/covid-19-and-its-impact-on-india/covid-19-and-its-impact-on-indian-society-27565/

Synopsis :https://civilscafeiassc.in/2021/01/05/answer-synopsis-05-01-2021/

04.01.2021 Question : Examine the appositeness of Urban Forest Programme launched recently in changing the face of cities and helps in biodiversity conservation. Explain the different kinds of forestry in the vogue and its benefits?

Reference :
https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/energy-and-environment/world-environment-day-centre-launches-programme-to-increase-forest-cover-in-urban-areas/article31754582.ece

Synopsis :https://civilscafeiassc.in/2021/01/04/answer-synopsis-04-01-2021/

16.12.20 Question : Pharmaceutical sector has seen an exponential surge in FDI coming in the recent weeks. Even then Indian pharmaceutical sector has not reached its full potential. Discuss the challenges and reforms necessary for the rejuvenated performance of pharmaceutical sector?

Reference :
https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/opinion/india-can-become-the-pharmacy-of-the-world/article31516558.ece

Synopsis :https://civilscafeiassc.in/2020/12/16/answer-synopsis-16-12-2020/

14.12.20 Question : For Modernization of railways privatization is the need of the hour. But we cannot do it carelessly. Critically evaluate.

Reference :
https://www.thehindu.com/business/Industry/the-hindu-explains-why-has-indian-railways-opened-doors-for-private-players/article31991149.ece

Synopsis :https://civilscafeiassc.in/2020/12/14/answer-synopsis-14-12-2020/

08.12.20 Question : COVID-19 pandemic and zoonotic disease in recent years has brought into highlight the need for One Health Approach. Explain what is one health approach and its significance?

Reference :
https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/weaker-germs-stronger-cures/article33163281.ece

Synopsis :https://civilscafeiassc.in/2020/12/08/answer-synopsis-08-12-2020/

07.12.20 Question : Micro irrigation methods would not only lead to increased productivity but also conservation of water. Enumerating the different methods of micro irrigation, identify the bottlenecks in their implementation and benefits that can accrue once they are implemented.

Reference :
https://www.downtoearth.org.in/blog/agriculture/micro-irrigation-the-way-ahead-for-sustainable-agriculture-73153

Synopsis :https://civilscafeiassc.in/2020/12/07/answer-synopsis-07-12-2020/

27.11.20 Question : Telemedicine has been a blessing for the general public during the Covid pandemic. But it is mired with many issues. Discuss the concerns and the benefits as well as the efforts taken by the government?

Reference :
https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/virtual-reality-the-hindu-editorial-on-telemedicine/article31359228.ece

Synopsis : https://civilscafeiassc.in/2020/11/27/answer-synopsis-27-11-2020/

26.11.20 Question : Define Urban Heat Island effect? Enlist and describe the causes and effect of urban heat island effect?

Reference :
https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/science/urban-heat-islands-in-india/article30830560.ece

Synopsis : https://civilscafeiassc.in/2020/11/25/answer-synopsis-25-11-2020/

20.11.20 Question : What is financial inclusion? Discuss the various efforts of India towards achieving this goal?

Reference : https://www.epw.in/engage/article/financial-inclusion-and-digital-india-critical

Synopsis : https://civilscafeiassc.in/2020/11/20/answer-synopsis-20-11-2020/

18.11.20 Question : SUTRA – PIC is the latest addition to the various initiatives in upgrading the indigenous cows. Explain its objectives and criticisms raised against this project?

Reference : https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/government-unveils-plan-for-research-on-indigenous-cows/article30845071.ece

Synopsis : https://civilscafeiassc.in/2020/11/18/answer-synopsis-18-11-2020/

GS4

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