In India, forest rights mean forest conservation

GS 2- Welfare Schemes for Vulnerable Sections of the population by the Centre and States and the Performance of these Schemes; Mechanisms, Laws, Institutions and Bodies constituted for the Protection and Betterment of these Vulnerable Sections. GS 3 – Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation, Environmental Impact Assessment. Source :  The Indian Express dated 29/06/2021 https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/forest-rights-banni-grassland-conservation-climate-change-7380113/ Context OnContinue reading “In India, forest rights mean forest conservation”

Design a climate ready governance system

GS 2 – Government Policies and Interventions for Development in various sectors and Issues arising out of their Design and Implementation. GS 3 –  Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation, Environmental Impact Assessment. Source : The Hindustan Times dated 24/06/2021 https://www.hindustantimes.com/opinion/design-a-climate-ready-governance-system-101624539589491.html Reference : https://cprindia.org/research/reports/building-climate-ready-indian-state-institutions-and-governance-transformative-low Context Countries around the world, including India, face the challenge of buildingContinue reading “Design a climate ready governance system”

The relevance of DFIs

GS 3 – Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment. Source : The Business Line dated 22/06/2021 https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/opinion/why-dfis-have-regained-relevance-today/article34913371.eceReference : https://prsindia.org/billtrack/the-national-bank-for-financing-infrastructure-and-development-bill-2021 Context As promised in the Budget speech by Finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman, Parliament has approved the National Bank for Financing Infrastructure and Development Bill. This approval has pavedContinue reading “The relevance of DFIs”

Lessons from China on bad banks

GS 3 – Inclusive Growth and issues arising from it. Source : The Indian Express dated 25/06/2021 https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/india-bad-bank-national-asset-reconstruction-company-china-7374608/ Context Finance Minister in her Budget speech revived the idea of a ‘bad bank’ by stating that the Centre proposes to set up an asset reconstruction company to acquire bad loans from banks.As India gets ready to operationalise a new bad bank, the NationalContinue reading “Lessons from China on bad banks”

Sea snot outbreak in Turkey

GS 1 – Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes. GS 3 –  Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation, Environmental Impact Assessment. Source : The Indian Express datedContinue reading “Sea snot outbreak in Turkey”

Centrality of Blue Economy in post-pandemic recovery

GS 3 – Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation GS 2 – Effect of Policies and Politics of Developed and Developing Countries on India’s interests Source  : The Hindustan Times dated 07/06/2021 http://www.hindustantimes.com/opinion/after-the-pandemic-the-centrality-of-the-blue-economy-in-recovery-101623076536394.html Context : One of the major challenges following the Covid-19  pandemic is the loss of livelihoods and jobs. The Blue Economy represents enormousContinue reading “Centrality of Blue Economy in post-pandemic recovery”

Importance of the Ethanol Blending Program

GS 3 – Infrastructure: Energy Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation Source : The Hindustan Times dated 06/06/2021  https://www.hindustantimes.com/editorials/the-importance-of-the-pm-s-ethanol-push-101622987910186.html Context On World Environment Day (June 5), Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced that the target of 20% ethanol blended petrol has been advanced by five years to 2025. What is Ethanol Blending Program? The Ethanol Blended Petrol (EBP) programmeContinue reading “Importance of the Ethanol Blending Program”

Crisis in India’s dairy sector

GS 3 :  Economics of Animal-Rearing Source : The Indian Express dated 28/05/2021https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/indias-dairy-sector-is-in-crisis-government-must-do-more-to-help-7333340/ Context : In the first wave of the Covid-19 pandemic, agriculture and allied sectors put up a spectacular performance with an annual growth of 3.4 per cent while the economy contracted by (-)7.2 per cent in 2020-21.But the second wave of pandemic has thrown theContinue reading “Crisis in India’s dairy sector”

Impact of climate change on Antarctica

GS 3 – Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation, Environmental Impact Assessment. Source : The Print dated 24/05/2021 https://theprint.in/opinion/antarctica-is-headed-for-a-climate-tipping-point-by-2060-with-catastrophic-melting/663245/ Context : Recently a new study showed  that if emissions are not cut quickly, by about 2060, the Antarctic ice sheet will lead to a sea level rise that is not reversible on human timescales.It holds enoughContinue reading “Impact of climate change on Antarctica”

Cyber attacks on critical infrastructure : Is India ready?

GS 3 – Challenges to Internal Security through Communication Networks, Role of Media and Social Networking Sites in Internal Security Challenges, Basics of Cyber Security Source: The Hindustan Times dated 21/05/2021 https://www.hindustantimes.com/opinion/cyber-attacks-on-critical-infrastructure-is-india-ready-101621514744151.html Context : Last week, a major cyber attack crippled one of the largest pipelines in the United States (US), Colonial Pipeline, which carriesContinue reading “Cyber attacks on critical infrastructure : Is India ready?”

Prepare for the next challenge- Heat waves

GS 3 – Disaster and Disaster Management Source : The Hindustan Times dated 17/05/2021 https://www.hindustantimes.com/editorials/prepare-for-the-next-challenge-heat-waves-101621342753774.html Reference : http://www.ndma.gov.in/Natural-Hazards/Heat-Wave Context :  An earlier advisory in March 2021 warned that “above normal seasonal maximum temperatures are likely” over most of the country. Over the past decades, such high temperature extremes have become more prevalent. What is aContinue reading “Prepare for the next challenge- Heat waves”

The Climate crisis and Cyclones

GS 1 – Important Geophysical Phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc.GS 3 –  Disaster and Disaster Management. Source : The Hindustan Times dated 16/05/2021 https://www.hindustantimes.com/editorials/the-climate-crisis-and-cyclones-101621167547861.htmlReference-http://www.ndma.gov.in/sites/default/files/PDF/cyclone/cyclones.pdf Context : A severe cyclonic storm, Tauktae , intensified into a “very severe cyclonic storm” over the east central Arabian Sea, and affected the Kerala, Goa, Karnataka,Continue reading “The Climate crisis and Cyclones”

DON’T DILUTE GREEN SAFEGUARDS

GS 3 – Environment Impact Assessment Source: The Hindustan Times dated 11/05/2021 https://www.hindustantimes.com/editorials/dont-dilute-green-safeguards-101620745349910.html Context : Last week, the environment ministry allowed companies in several industries to expand capacity, based on a self-certification that their operations will not increase the pollution load. This along with several other changes made in the Draft EIA notification 2020 givesContinue reading “DON’T DILUTE GREEN SAFEGUARDS”

INDIA’S PUSH FOR A GAS BASED ECONOMY

GS 3 – Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc. Source : The Inian Express dated 02/05/2021 https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/indias-road-to-clean-energy-goes-via-natural-gas-7299417/ Context : Policy makers, climate negotiators, academicians, corporates and NGOs are currently fixated on the concept of “net zero carbon emissions” and the appropriate target year for achieving it.“Net Zero” offers everyone a tangible metric against whichContinue reading “INDIA’S PUSH FOR A GAS BASED ECONOMY”

ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE- A SLOW TSUNAMI

GS 2 : Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources, GS 3 : Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Source: The Hindu dated 29/4/2021 https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/antimicrobial-resistance-the-silent-threat/article34434231.ece Context: Covid-19 pandemic has underscored the need for cross-national collaboration in tackling antimicrobial resistance (AMR), whichContinue reading “ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE- A SLOW TSUNAMI”

UNPRECEDENTED FOREST FIRE IN UTTARAKHAND

GS 3 – Disaster and Disaster Management Source : The INDIAN EXPRESS dated 07/04/2021 https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-why-is-this-seasons-forest-fires-in-uttarakhand-worrisome-7261373/ Context : In just five days of April, Uttarakhand has recorded 361 incidents of forest fire that have damaged 567 hectares, including 380 hectares of reserve forest areas. Introduction Forest fires, also called bush or vegetation fire or wildfire, it can beContinue reading “UNPRECEDENTED FOREST FIRE IN UTTARAKHAND”

The Big Push For Digital Currency In China

GS#3_ Science and Technology– Developments and their Applications and Effects in Everyday Life. Backdrop China in February launched the latest round of pilot trials of its new digital currency, with reported plans of a major rollout by the end of the year and ahead of the Winter Olympics in Beijing in February 2022. While severalContinue reading “The Big Push For Digital Currency In China”

Maintaining The Inflation Target At 4%

Gs3_Economy Backdrop On the last day of the financial year 2020-21,the Finance Ministry announced that the inflation target for the five years between April 2021 and March 2026 will remain unchanged at 4%, with an upper tolerance level of 6% and a lower tolerance level of 2%. This is the retail inflation target that willContinue reading “Maintaining The Inflation Target At 4%”

Left Wing Extremism (LWE)

Gs3_Role of External State and Non-state Actors in creating challenges to Internal Security. Why in news Five security personnel were killed and more than 12 injured in an encounter with Maoists in Sukma district of Chhattisgarh. Left-Wing Extremism LWE organizations are the groups that try to bring change through violent revolution. They are against democratic institutions andContinue reading “Left Wing Extremism (LWE)”

Mines and Minerals Amendment Bill 2021

GS 2 : Government Policies and Interventions for Development in various sectors andIssues arising out of their Design and Implementation GS 3 : Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation, Environmental ImpactAssessment Source : https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/rajya-sabha-passes-mines-and-mineral-amendment-bill/article34134612.ece Reference : https://prsindia.org/billtrack/the-mines-and-minerals-development-and-regulation-amendment-bill-2021http://www.arthapedia.in/index.php?title=Minor_Minerals#ref1 Context: The Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha passed the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) (MMDR) Amendment Bill, 2021. TheContinue reading “Mines and Minerals Amendment Bill 2021”

Hydrogen as an alternative fuel

GS 3 Science and Technology Developments and their applications and effects in everyday life. Introduction          Hydrogen fuel cells produce electricity by combining hydrogen and oxygen atoms ; reacts with oxygen across an electrochemical cell similar to that of a battery to produce electricity, water, and small amounts of heat. Current Scenario: In Union BudgetContinue reading “Hydrogen as an alternative fuel”

Nanophotonics

GS 3 Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life. Introduction          Nanophotonics or nano-optics is the study of the behavior of light on the nanometer scale, and of the interaction of nanometer-scale objects with light. Current Context: Crystals are normally rigid, stiff structures, but researchers from University of Hyderabad haveContinue reading “Nanophotonics”

Geo-Spatial data Policy

GS 3 Science And Technology Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, and issues relating to it. Introduction          Geo-spatial data represents the data-linked to features or objects on the Earth’s surface. Recent News Department of Science and Technology(DST) announced liberalised guidelines for geospatial data and mapping in India. The guidelines permitted Indian companies toContinue reading “Geo-Spatial data Policy”

DNA Technology Regulation Bill

GS 3 Science and Technology Developments and their applications and effects in everyday life. Introduction               DNA analysis is extremely useful and accurate. DNA analysis can ascertain the identity of a person from his/her DNA sample. Recent News The Parliamentary Standing Committee (PSC) asked the government to pay “careful attention” to the DNA Technology (UseContinue reading “DNA Technology Regulation Bill”

Recommendation of 15th Finance Commission and challenges faced by Local Bodies

GS 3 Indian Economy Issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment. Introduction            The Finance Commissions (IAST: Vitta Āyoga) are commissions periodically constituted by the President of India under Article 280 of the Indian Constitution to define the financial relations between the central government of India and the individual state governments.Continue reading “Recommendation of 15th Finance Commission and challenges faced by Local Bodies”

Glacial Lake Outburst Flood (GLOF) in Uttarakhand

GS 3 Environment Disaster and disaster management. Introduction         A glacial lake outburst flood is a type of outburst flood caused by the failure of a dam containing a glacial lake. Recent Incident: Recently a glacial burst has occurred in Nanda Devi glacier in Uttarakhand’s Chamoli district. 19 bodies have been recovered so far andContinue reading “Glacial Lake Outburst Flood (GLOF) in Uttarakhand”

Economic Survey prediction

GS 3 Indian Economy Issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment. Introduction             India’s economy is firmly in the middle of a V-shaped recovery and will bounce back to record 11% growth in 2021-22 after an estimated 7.7% contraction this year, according to a ‘conservative’ estimate in the Economic Survey 2020-21.         Continue reading “Economic Survey prediction”

The Budget speech

GS 3 Indian Economics Government Budgeting. Introduction              International Monetary Fund’s (IMF) Chief Economist Gita Gopinath has favoured the extension of the pandemic support measures. BACKGROUND Budget and Constitutional Provisions:        According to Article 112 of the Indian Constitution, the Union Budget of a year is referred to as the Annual Financial Statement (AFS). InContinue reading “The Budget speech”

5G technology in India

GS 3 Science and Technology Developments and their applications and effects in everyday life. Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology. Introduction          5G or fifth generation is the latest upgrade so far in the long-term evolution (LTE) mobile broadband networks. The 5G technology mainly works in 3Continue reading “5G technology in India”

Flash Droughts in India

Introduction         According to UN, Drought is defined as an extended period – a season, a year, or several years – of deficient rainfall relative to the statistical multi-year average for a region. Historical Background:       In 1979, India faced a severe flash drought, affecting about 40% of the country and taking a toll onContinue reading “Flash Droughts in India”

Agricultural Exports – India’s Potential, Initiatives, Challenges and solutions

GS 3 Indian Economy Transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints Introduction                   The 2019-20 Economic survey mentions a few important figures of India’s agricultural exports. Indian agricultural/horticultural and processed foods are exported to more than 100 countries/regions in the world.   Recently In News US Department of Agriculture(USDA) has forecasted 1.8 millionContinue reading “Agricultural Exports – India’s Potential, Initiatives, Challenges and solutions”

COMMUNITY FOREST, HABITAT RIGHTS

GS 3 Environment Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation Draft guidelines were prepared by two committees formed MoTA in February 2020-Committee on Management of Community Forest Rights (CFR) Committee on Habitat rights. OBJECTIVE Guidelines for CFR are aimed at creating a community forests resource management committee as an executive arm of Gram Sabha in managing CFRContinue reading “COMMUNITY FOREST, HABITAT RIGHTS”

WASTE MANAGEMENT- NORTH EAST

GS 2 Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. GS 3 Environment In recent years municipal solid waste (MSW) management has been one of the most environmental concerns for all urban areas of India. India’s North East is perhaps the greenest region in India,Continue reading “WASTE MANAGEMENT- NORTH EAST”

Issue of radicalisation in India

GS – 3 Internal Security Linkages between development and spread of extremism. Introduction          Radicalisation is associated with the political interpretation of religion and the defence, by violent means, of a religious identity perceived to be under attack. Current Scenario: India and Australia recently decided to step up their cooperation in the area of counter-terrorism includingContinue reading “Issue of radicalisation in India”

Economy Slow Down In India

GS 3 Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment. Introduction                COVID19  pandemic has pulled down the global economy and India’s economy is one of the worst affected among them. Current Scenario: In the first quarter of the financial year (April-June),  India’s economy had contracted by an unprecedented 23.9%. Continue reading “Economy Slow Down In India”

Hazardous ideas for the Himalayas

GS 3 ENVIRONMENT Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment. Introduction               The Himalayas, or Himalaya, is a mountain range in Asia separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau.               The range has many of Earth’s highest peaks, including the highest, Mount Everest, at the border between Nepal and China. Current Scenario:Continue reading “Hazardous ideas for the Himalayas”

PM-KUSUM

GS 3 Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment. Introduction              Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) has launched the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Urja Suraksha evem Utthan Mahabhiyan (PM KUSUM) Scheme for farmers for installation of solar pumps and grid connected solar and other renewable power plants inContinue reading “PM-KUSUM”

Antitrust Lawsuits

GS 3 Science and Technology Awareness in the fields of IT Introduction              The issue of anti-competitive practices by Tech giants has come into the light again as recently.              An antitrust lawsuit was filed by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and governments of 48 US states against the tech giant Facebook. accusing it of crushing smaller competitorsContinue reading “Antitrust Lawsuits”

Net Zero Target

GS 3 ENVIRONMENT Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment. Introduction            Climate Ambition Summit, co-hosted by the UK, France, and the UN, on the fifth anniversary of the 2015 Paris Agreement has brought back the debate on the fairness issues regarding the Net Zero targets and the pathways regarding greenhouse gas emission reduction. StatusContinue reading “Net Zero Target”

India – Bangladesh

GS 2 International Relations India and its neighborhood- relations. GS 3 Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc. Introduction            Bangladesh and India are South Asian neighbours. Diplomatic Relations between the two countries was followed by the visit of Indian Prime Minister on 1 1972, at Dhaka where there she had signed the Indo-Bangladesh Treaty ofContinue reading “India – Bangladesh”

Progress on Paris Climate Change Agreement

GS 3 ENVIRONMENT Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment. Introduction          As the Kyoto Protocol ultimately failed to induce significant emission reductions on a global scale, the Paris Agreement was adopted at the COP21 held in Paris.        It aims to strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change and specifies long-term goals regarding:Continue reading “Progress on Paris Climate Change Agreement”

Cyclone Nivar

GS 3 Disaster and disaster management Introduction          Tropical cyclone, also called typhoon or hurricane, an intense circular storm that originates over warm tropical oceans and is characterized by low atmospheric pressure, high winds and heavy rain. Contemporary News: According to the India Meteorological Department (IMD), Cyclone Nivar, which crossed the TN coast as a veryContinue reading “Cyclone Nivar”

Corporates as Bankers

GS 3 Indian Economy Issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.  Introduction              Corporate banking refers to the aspect of banking that deals with corporate customers. Commercial banks make loans that enable businesses to grow and hire people, contributing to the expansion of the economy. Recently in News:  A recent report by anContinue reading “Corporates as Bankers”

Social and Digital media regulations

GS 3 Science and Technology Awareness in the fields of IT Introduction                In the backdrop of the increasing popularity of online platforms (OTT, Social Media Etc.) in India and world over in the recent times, many efforts are being made to regulate the content being posted on them.    Recently in News:               The latest attemptContinue reading “Social and Digital media regulations”

Issue of Lakshmi Vilas Bank – Prompt Corrective Action

GS 3 Indian Economy Inclusive growth and issues arising from it,planning, mobilization of resources. Introduction           Prompt Corrective Action (PCA)  is a framework under which banks with weak financial metrics are put under watch by the RBI.        The RBI introduced the framework in 2002 as a structured early-intervention mechanism for banks that become undercapitalised due to poorContinue reading “Issue of Lakshmi Vilas Bank – Prompt Corrective Action”

Sale and use of firecrackers – NGT ban

GS 3 ENVIRONMENT Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment. Introduction        Firecrackers can cause severe effects in the health of people like heart diseases, respiratory or nervous system disorders. Recent News: In the year of the COVID-19 pandemic, it should surprise no one that the National Green Tribunal has prohibited the sale and useContinue reading “Sale and use of firecrackers – NGT ban”

Online NEWS and OTT platforms

GS 3 Science and Technology Developments and their applications and effects in everyday life. Introduction         An Over-The-Top (‘OTT’ media service) is a streaming media service offered directly to viewers via the Internet.        OTT bypasses cable, broadcast, and satellite television platforms, the companies that traditionally act as a controller or distributor of such content. Contemporary Issue       TheContinue reading “Online NEWS and OTT platforms”

Urban wetlands

GS 3 ENVIRONMENT Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment. Introduction          Wetlands serve a function by developing greater biodiversity and natural and pleasant recreation areas for city dwellers.          Urban wetlands should be designed in such a way that they allow for the possibility that the water running into them from the urban surroundingsContinue reading “Urban wetlands”

NEW FCRA RULES

GS 3 Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment. Introduction        Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act is an act of Parliament enacted in 1976 and amended in 2010 to regulate foreign donations and to ensure that such contributions do not adversely affect internal security. FCRA (Foreign Contribution Regulation Act) Coverage:Continue reading “NEW FCRA RULES”

Demographic Divident in India

GS 2 GOVERNANCE Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potentialIssues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.GS 3 ECONOMY Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment. Introduction         According to the United Nations Population FundContinue reading “Demographic Divident in India”

Monetary Policy in India

GS 3 Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment Introduction         Monetary policy is the process by which the RBI controls the supply of money, often targeting an inflation rate or interest rate to ensure price stability. Quantitative Instruments: General or indirect  Cash Reserve Ratio Statutory Liquidity Ratio OpenContinue reading “Monetary Policy in India”

Delhi Air Pollution

GS 3 ENVIRONMENT Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment. Introduction              Air pollution is the introduction into the atmosphere of chemicals, particulates, or biological materials that cause  discomfort disease or death to humans damage other living organisms damage natural and built environment. Contemporary Issue: With the onset of winters, Delhi Air pollution has startedContinue reading “Delhi Air Pollution”

Countering deepfakes, AI threat

GS 3 Science and Technology Developments and their applications and effects in everyday life. Introduction Disinformation and hoaxes have evolved from mere annoyance to high stake warfare for creating social discord, increasing polarization, and in some cases, influencing an election outcome. Contemporary Issue: Cybercrime officials in India have been tracking certain apps and websites thatContinue reading “Countering deepfakes, AI threat”

Television Rating Points (TRP)

GS 3 – Science and Technology Communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges Introduction Television Rating Points(TRP) represent how many people, from which socio-economic categories, watched which channels for how much time during a particular period.        TRPs are the main currency for advertisers to decide which channel to advertiseContinue reading “Television Rating Points (TRP)”

Industrial Revolution 4.0

GS 3 Science and Technology Developments and their applications and effects in everyday life. Awareness in the fields of IT, Computers, robotics, nano-technology. Introduction            The Fourth Industrial Revolution/Industry 4.0 is the ongoing automation of traditional manufacturing and industrial practices, using modern smart technology. RECENT TRENDS: Continued Presence of Informal Economy: Nearly 90% of India’s workforceContinue reading “Industrial Revolution 4.0”

Digital payment superhighway

GS 3 Science and Technology Developments and their applications and effects in everyday life. GS 3 Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources. Introduction                 The Digital India programme is a flagship programme of the Government of India with a vision to transform India into a digitally empowered society and knowledge economy.Continue reading “Digital payment superhighway”

Vanquishing viruses: On Nobel prize for medicine

GS 3 – Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life. Introduction       The 2020 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, to Harvey J. Alter, Michael Houghton and Charles M. Rice. Who peeled the layers off another virus that confounded generations of physicians the Hepatitis C virus (HCV). Identification of Hepatitis C virus:Continue reading “Vanquishing viruses: On Nobel prize for medicine”

COVID-19 vaccine

GS 3 SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life. Introduction      A vaccine is a biological preparation that provides active acquired immunity to a particular infectious disease.         A COVID-19 vaccine is a biotechnology product intended to provide acquired immunity against coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). A vaccine typically containsContinue reading “COVID-19 vaccine”

Nutrient Based Subsidy (NBS) Scheme on Fertilisers: Issues and planned changes

GS 3 INDIAN ECONOMY Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies Introduction         A policy of subsidising fertilisers was started in the later period of the Green revolution to increase agriculture production. resulted in the increased production of food grains. made India self-sufficient in the difficult times. excessive subsidisation of Urea led to its overuse.Continue reading “Nutrient Based Subsidy (NBS) Scheme on Fertilisers: Issues and planned changes”

CRISPR – CAS9 : genetic scissors – On Chemistry Nobel

GS 3 Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life. Introduction        The CRISPR (short for Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats) technology for gene-editing (developed in 2012), makes gene sequencing very easy, simple and extremely efficient providing nearly endless possibilities. Emmanuelle Charpentier of France and Jennifer A Doudna of the USAContinue reading “CRISPR – CAS9 : genetic scissors – On Chemistry Nobel”

GIG Economy

GS 3 Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth,development and employment. Introduction         A gig economy is a free market system in which temporary positions are common and organizations contract with independent workers for short-term engagements. Examples of gig employees in the workforce could include:  freelancers independent contractors project-based workers temporary orContinue reading “GIG Economy”

Transforming business and the insolvency system

GS 3-ECONOMY Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources. Introduction          The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 (IBC) is the bankruptcy law of India which seeks to consolidate the existing framework by creating a single law for insolvency and bankruptcy. The IBC, along with the Goods and Services Tax regime, among otherContinue reading “Transforming business and the insolvency system”

Mangrove Migration

GS: 3 –ENVIRONMENT Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation Introduction               Mangroves are tropical trees that thrive in conditions most timber could never tolerate — salty, coastal waters, and the interminable ebb and flow of the tide. History: In 2008, Punarbasu Chaudhuri, mangrove ecologist from the University of Calcutta spotted an interesting mangrove plant at theContinue reading “Mangrove Migration”

Stubble Burning

GS 3 – ENVIRONMENT: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation. Introduction         Stubble (parali) burning is the act of setting fire to crop residue to remove them from the field to sow the next crop. In order to plant winter crop (Rabi crop), farmers in Haryana and Punjab have to move in a very short interval. IfContinue reading “Stubble Burning”

Bretton Woods II

GS 3 – ECONOMY: Balance Of Payments, Forex Reserves-Reasons For Accumulation of Forex. Introduction          The Bretton Woods agreement of 1944 established a new global monetary system. It replaced the gold standard with the U.S. dollar as the global currency. History: In the 1970s, developed nations ended the fixed exchange rate regime when President Richard Nixon tookContinue reading “Bretton Woods II”

Climate proposal

GS 3 ENVIRONMENT : Environmental pollution and degradation, Renewable Energy, Initiatives in India Introduction         Climate change describes a change in the average conditions — such as temperature and rainfall — in a region over a long period of time. Green House Gas Emission: Contemporary Issue:          The UN Secretary General António Guterres’s call for India toContinue reading “Climate proposal”

GST Compensation Plan

GS-2 & GS-3, Polity & Economy-Issues and Challenges Pertaining to the Federal Structure, Mobilization of Resources Introduction           The GST council meeting has been deferred  sharp differences arisen due to the huge revenue shortfall experienced by both Centre and States.Now the Centre is trying to go back on its claims of reimbursing the states. Producing StatesContinue reading “GST Compensation Plan”

Farm Sector Reforms

GS 3-AGRICULTURE :Marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices Introduction         1991 is remembered as a watershed moment in India’s history. The licence raj was dismantled. India opened its markets to international trade, investment and competition. India’s agriculture sector remained regulated by theContinue reading “Farm Sector Reforms”

Phosphine gas in the atmosphere of Venus

GS-3 SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY: Satellites and its applications Introduction         Recently, Phosphine gas in the atmosphere of Venus was discovered by an international team of astronomers. The discovery throws light about the possibility of the presence of life forms on Venus. Venus: Earth’s closest planetary neighbour. known as earth’s twin. wrapped in a thick and toxicContinue reading “Phosphine gas in the atmosphere of Venus”

Decline Of Vertebrates

GS 3 ENVIRONMENT- Bio-diversity: Impact of the loss of biodiversity Introduction        Animals can be classified as either vertebrates or invertebrates. Vertebrates are animals that have a backbone inside their body. (fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals.)Invertebrates don’t have a backbone. They either have a soft body(worms and jellyfish) or a hard outer casing covering theirContinue reading “Decline Of Vertebrates”

Informal Sector @ COVID-19

GS-3 INDIAN ECONOMY- Mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment; -Role of fiscal and monetary policies in resource mobilization Introduction         The contraction of the economy raises concern on the employment situation as the shrinking sectors are those that create the maximum new jobs.More than 25 million jobs are at risk due to COVID-19 outbreak.(according toContinue reading “Informal Sector @ COVID-19”

Agriculture and Economic Revival

GS 3- ECONOMY: Role of Agriculture in Indian Economy Introduction         Agriculture plays a vital role in the Indian economy. Over 70 per cent of the rural households depend on agriculture and provides employment to over 60% of the population. GDP Growth in Agriculture Sector: Advantages in India: Robust Demand:Large population and rising income increases demand.Continue reading “Agriculture and Economic Revival”

Bt Cotton

GS 3 ENVIRONMENT:AGRICULTURE;GM Crops and its Impacts Introduction      Cotton has been cultivated in India for thousands of years. History Cotton fabric from around 3,000 BCE has been excavated from the ruins of Mohenjo-daro and in Mehrgarh(5000 BCE). India also had cotton trade relations with Greece, Rome,Persia, Egypt, Assyria and parts of Asia. Until the 20thContinue reading “Bt Cotton”

Boosting Voluntary Tax Compliance

GS 3 INDIAN ECONOMY – Resource Mobilization- Budgetary resources: Tax and Non tax Introduction        Tax Collections will be severely hit because of the economic contraction caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.        India is achieving compliance to taxes through a fine balance between enforcement and encouragement.The tax base has remained stagnant at around 6% of the population.TheContinue reading “Boosting Voluntary Tax Compliance”

MICRO-IRRIGATION: THE WAY AHEAD FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE

GS-3 AGRICULTURE-Different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage Qn: Water Crisis is will be a major issue in future. Explain how micro-irrigation is a panacea to this pestering problem?  Introduction             India is facing a huge challenge of water scarcity. The current water crisis has affected nearly 600 million people.            The increase of population toContinue reading “MICRO-IRRIGATION: THE WAY AHEAD FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE”

Join UNBEATABLES -PMI Batch 2022

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PMI Batch 2022

Lead by IAS, IPS, IPoS Officers