Rule of Law vs Rule by Law

GS 2 –  Indian Constitution—Historical Underpinnings, Evolution, Features, Amendments, Significant Provisions and Basic Structure. Source : The Indian Express dated 02/07/2021 https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/n-v-ramana-pd-desai-memorial-lecture-indian-judiciary-state-rule-of-law-constitution-7385031/ Context : Currently, the entire world is facing an unprecedented crisis in the form of Covid-19. At this juncture, we necessarily have to pause and ask ourselves as to what extent we have used the RuleContinue reading “Rule of Law vs Rule by Law”

In India, forest rights mean forest conservation

GS 2- Welfare Schemes for Vulnerable Sections of the population by the Centre and States and the Performance of these Schemes; Mechanisms, Laws, Institutions and Bodies constituted for the Protection and Betterment of these Vulnerable Sections. GS 3 – Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation, Environmental Impact Assessment. Source :  The Indian Express dated 29/06/2021 https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/forest-rights-banni-grassland-conservation-climate-change-7380113/ Context OnContinue reading “In India, forest rights mean forest conservation”

Design a climate ready governance system

GS 2 – Government Policies and Interventions for Development in various sectors and Issues arising out of their Design and Implementation. GS 3 –  Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation, Environmental Impact Assessment. Source : The Hindustan Times dated 24/06/2021 https://www.hindustantimes.com/opinion/design-a-climate-ready-governance-system-101624539589491.html Reference : https://cprindia.org/research/reports/building-climate-ready-indian-state-institutions-and-governance-transformative-low Context Countries around the world, including India, face the challenge of buildingContinue reading “Design a climate ready governance system”

Paradiplomacy

GS 2 – Effect of Policies and Politics of Developed and Developing Countries on India’s interests, Indian Diaspora. Source :  The Hindustan Times https://www.hindustantimes.com/opinion/paradiplomacy-the-possibilities-and-challenges-of-assam-bangladesh-relations-101624019605196.html Context Recently, Assam chief minister Himanta Biswa Sarma has emphasised the need to explore areas of cooperation with Bangladesh.Foreign policy is conventionally seen as the exclusive domain of the sovereign State,Continue reading “Paradiplomacy”

India’s Nutrition Challenge

GS 2 – Issues Relating to Development and Management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources, Issues relating to Poverty and Hunger. Source : The Indian Express dated 11/06/2021 https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/how-india-can-tackle-its-formidable-nutrition-challenge-7353391/ Context One of the silent and invisible crises the Covid 19 pandemic is amplifying is that of malnutrition, as incomes, food consumption andContinue reading “India’s Nutrition Challenge”

G7 needs a reset

GS  2 – Bilateral, Regional and Global Groupings and Agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests. Source : The Hindustan Times dated 11/06/2021 https://www.hindustantimes.com/opinion/g7-needs-a-reset-it-must-reflect-the-world-of-today-101623405086130.html Context In his final year in office, the United States (US) President Donald Trump found G7 to be an “outdated group of countries”. He was forthright in his denunciation, saying “IContinue reading “G7 needs a reset”

India must outlaw conversion therapy

GS 1 – Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India. Social empowerment. GS 2 – Mechanisms, Laws, Institutions and Bodies constituted for the Protection and Betterment of these Vulnerable Sections. Source : The Indian Express dated 10/06/2021 https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/baseless-and-barbaric-india-must-outlaw-conversion-therapy-7351569/ Context : On June 7, the Madras High Court explicitly called for an Indian ban on conversion therapy.TheContinue reading “India must outlaw conversion therapy”

Centrality of Blue Economy in post-pandemic recovery

GS 3 – Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation GS 2 – Effect of Policies and Politics of Developed and Developing Countries on India’s interests Source  : The Hindustan Times dated 07/06/2021 http://www.hindustantimes.com/opinion/after-the-pandemic-the-centrality-of-the-blue-economy-in-recovery-101623076536394.html Context : One of the major challenges following the Covid-19  pandemic is the loss of livelihoods and jobs. The Blue Economy represents enormousContinue reading “Centrality of Blue Economy in post-pandemic recovery”

Simultaneous elections

GS 2 – Salient Features of the Representation of People’s Act. Source : The Indian Express dated 05/06/2021 https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/why-simultaneous-polls-is-an-idea-whose-time-has-come-7344586/ Reference : https://niti.gov.in/writereaddata/files/document_publication/Note%20on%20Simultaneous%20Elections.pdf Context : As the elections in four states and one Union territory in March-April are suspected to have contributed to the second wave of Covid infections, a well-reasoned debate on a concept asContinue reading “Simultaneous elections”

Review the sedition law

GS 2 – Indian Constitution—Historical Underpinnings, Evolution, Features, Amendments, Significant Provisions and Basic Structure. Source :The Hindustan Times dated 01/06/2021 https://www.hindustantimes.com/editorials/review-the-sedition-law-protect-rights-101622552398358.html Reference  : https://static.pib.gov.in/WriteReadData/userfiles/Consultation%20Paper%20on%20Sedition.pdf Context : Concerned over the misuse of India’s sedition law, the Supreme Court said that it will define the contours of the colonial era penal provision to indicate what does and does notContinue reading “Review the sedition law”

It is time to revive MPLADS

GS 2 – Government Policies and Interventions for Development in various sectors and Issues arising out of their Design and Implementation Source The Hindustan Times dated 29/05/2021 https://www.hindustantimes.com/opinion/it-is-time-to-revive-mplads-it-will-help-citizens-101622297618501.html Context In April 2020, the Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS) funds were suspended for two years.Recently, Bahujan Samaj Party leader and Member of ParliamentContinue reading “It is time to revive MPLADS”

Interoperable Criminal Justice System

GS 2 – Important Aspects of Governance, Transparency and Accountability, E-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential Source : The Indian Express dated 28/05/2021 https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/the-dangers-of-a-centralised-database-for-justice-system-7333252/ Context The Supreme Court’s e-committee, headed by Justice D Y Chandrachud, is tasked with integrating digital technologies in courts to enhance judicial productivity and efficiency. In the third phase of this project,Continue reading “Interoperable Criminal Justice System”

Inhuman conditions in Indian prisons

GS 2 : Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.  Source : The Indian Express dated 27/05/2021 https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/the-pandemic-has-put-the-spotlight-on-inhumane-conditions-in-indian-prisons-7330342/Reference : https://ncrb.gov.in/en/prison-statistics-india-2019 Context : The raging COVID-19 pandemic has turned the spotlight on Indian prisons and the recent hearings in the Bhima Koregaon case have raised the coreContinue reading “Inhuman conditions in Indian prisons”

American Exit From Afghanistan

GS 2 – Effect of Policies and Politics of Developed and Developing Countries on India’s interests Source: The Indian Express dated 11/05/2021 https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/india-pakistan-relations-us-in-middle-east-afghanistan-7309907/ Context: US President Joe Biden announced the departure of American troops from Afghanistan by September 11 this year, coinciding with the 20th anniversary of the attacks on US in 2001. Announcing theContinue reading “American Exit From Afghanistan”

Restructuring the tribunals system

GS 2 : Statutory, Regulatory and various Quasi-judicial Bodies. Source : The Hindu dated 17/05/2021 https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/restructuring-the-tribunals-system/article34574959.eceReference : https://prsindia.org/billtrack/the-tribunals-reforms-rationalisation-and-conditions-of-service-ordinance-2021 Context : Recently, the President promulgated the  Tribunal Reforms (Rationalisation and Conditions of Service) Ordinance 2021 through which the Appellate authorities under nine laws have been replaced with High Courts. Now this ordinance has been challenged in the high court.Continue reading “Restructuring the tribunals system”

Lessons for India from the Ebola epidemic

Source : Hindustan Times dated 06/05/2021 https://www.hindustantimes.com/opinion/lessons-for-india-from-the-ebola-epidemic-101620217055295.html Context : Recently the  WHO Director-General congratulated the Democratic Republic of the Congo as 12th Ebola outbreak was declared over and stressed the need to maintain vigilance to prevent virus’s return. The West African Ebola epidemic, which infected 28,616 and killed 11,310 in Sierra Leone, Liberia and GuineaContinue reading “Lessons for India from the Ebola epidemic”

INDIA – UK RELATIONS

GS 2 : IR – Effect of Policies and Politics of Developed and Developing Countries on India’s interests Source: The Indian Express dated 04/05/2021 https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/narendra-modi-boris-johnson-digital-conversation-covid-crisis-india-uk-relations-7300826/ Context: India and the United Kingdom share a modern partnership bound by strong historical ties. The bilateral relationship was upgraded to a strategic partnership in 2004 and further strengthened byContinue reading “INDIA – UK RELATIONS”

Universal Social Welfare

GS 2 – Government Schemes/Policies, Schemes For Vulnerable Sections Source : https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/making-social-welfare-universal/article34433217.ece Context: Human Development Report (HDR) 2020 released by UN Development Programme says that Covid-19 pandemic may have pushed some 100 million people into extreme poverty, the worst setback in a generation.The pandemic has thus revealed that leveraging our existing schemes and providing universalContinue reading “Universal Social Welfare”

INDIA-JAPAN RELATIONS

GS 2:  IR – INDIA AND ITS NEIGHBORHOOD – RELATIONS Source: The Hindu dated 01/05/2021 https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/the-rising-sun-in-india-japan-relations/article34453087.ece Context : Recently, the new Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga met with the new United States President. Both the the leaders have set the agenda for the wider Indo-Pacific engagement. Given that the Japanese Prime Minister plans to visitContinue reading “INDIA-JAPAN RELATIONS”

VACCINE NATIONALISM

GS 2 : Issues relating to health Source: The Indian Express dated 04/05/2021 https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/business/india-business/nirmala-sitharaman-calls-for-sharing-of-technologies-on-covid-vaccines-says-no-space-for-vaccine-nationalism/articleshow/82370579.cms Context: Stressing that there cannot be any vaccine nationalism, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman on Monday urged countries to share technologies on Covid vaccines. She also called for examining Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) agreement in the light of the coronaContinue reading “VACCINE NATIONALISM”

ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE- A SLOW TSUNAMI

GS 2 : Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources, GS 3 : Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Source: The Hindu dated 29/4/2021 https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/antimicrobial-resistance-the-silent-threat/article34434231.ece Context: Covid-19 pandemic has underscored the need for cross-national collaboration in tackling antimicrobial resistance (AMR), whichContinue reading “ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE- A SLOW TSUNAMI”

BIMSTEC-ISSUES AND CHALLENGES

GS 2: IR – GROUPINGS AND AGREEMENTS INVOLVING INDIA/INDIA’S INTERESTS Source: The Hindu dated14/04/2021 https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/bimstec-needs-to-reinvent-itself/article34313033.ece Context : Recently, the foreign ministers of BIMSTEC (the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation) met in a virtual conference. This is the first ministerial since the globe has been hit by the Covid-19 pandemic. Outcomes of theContinue reading “BIMSTEC-ISSUES AND CHALLENGES”

A Walk-Back

GS 2: International Relation CONTEXT: President Joe Biden allowed a ban on issuance of H-1B visas for skilled workers to lapse at the end of March 2021 Background: Biden shows intent on reworking immigration rules by not extending H-1B visa ban 1) H-1B visa What is it: The H-1B visa category covers individuals who “work in aContinue reading “A Walk-Back”

Delay In Filling Key Posts In Apex Tax Body Raises Concerns

Background The delay in appointing members of the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT), the apex body of the Income Tax Department, is puzzling the entire revenue service and tax bureaucracy. Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) It is a statutory body established as per the Central Board of Revenue Act, 1963. It is India’s official financial actionContinue reading “Delay In Filling Key Posts In Apex Tax Body Raises Concerns”

Philippines Accuses China Of Plans To Occupy More Areas

Backdrop The Philippines’ Defense Secretary said that China was looking to occupy more areas in the South China Sea, citing the continued presence of Chinese vessels that Manila believes are manned by militias in disputed parts of the strategic waterway. South China Sea South China Sea is an arm of western Pacific Ocean in Southeast Asia. It is southContinue reading “Philippines Accuses China Of Plans To Occupy More Areas”

Another Batch Of Rafale Jets To Fly In By Mid-May

India will receive another 8 to 9 Rafale jets from France by mid May, with some expected later this month, completing the first squadron of the fighters in the Indian Air Force (IAF). Rafales Introduced in 2001, the Rafale is a French twin-engine and multirole fighter aircraft designed and built by Dassault Aviation being produced for both the FrenchContinue reading “Another Batch Of Rafale Jets To Fly In By Mid-May”

Amid Virus Surge, Russian Vaccine May Get The Nod

Background Sputnik V, developed by Gamaleya Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology, is a two dose  adenovirus based vector vaccine, similar in design to AstraZeneca’s Covishield. A challenge with the vaccine is its storage. The liquid form of the vaccine requires it to be stored at 18°C or colder while the freeze dried version canContinue reading “Amid Virus Surge, Russian Vaccine May Get The Nod”

Mines and Minerals Amendment Bill 2021

GS 2 : Government Policies and Interventions for Development in various sectors andIssues arising out of their Design and Implementation GS 3 : Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation, Environmental ImpactAssessment Source : https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/rajya-sabha-passes-mines-and-mineral-amendment-bill/article34134612.ece Reference : https://prsindia.org/billtrack/the-mines-and-minerals-development-and-regulation-amendment-bill-2021http://www.arthapedia.in/index.php?title=Minor_Minerals#ref1 Context: The Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha passed the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) (MMDR) Amendment Bill, 2021. TheContinue reading “Mines and Minerals Amendment Bill 2021”

Remove The Wedges In India-Bangladesh Ties

GS 2 – IR : India and its Neighborhood- Relations. GS 2 – IR : Effect of Policies and Politics of Developed and Developing   Countries on India’s interests, Indian Diaspora. Source : The Hindu dated 26/03/2021: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/remove-the-wedges-in-india-bangladesh-ties/article34163863.ece Reference : https://fsi.mea.gov.in/Portal/ForeignRelation/India_Bangladesh_MAR2021.pdf Context : Prime Minister Sri. Narendra Modi visits Bangladesh as Bangladesh celebrates its 50 yearsContinue reading “Remove The Wedges In India-Bangladesh Ties”

Juvenile Justice Act

GS 1 Indian Society, GS 2 Governance Mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections. Introduction          Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act,2015 defines “Juvenile” or “Child” as a person who has not completed 18 years of age. Recent Amendment: Recently the Union Cabinet has approvedContinue reading “Juvenile Justice Act”

Myanmar Millitary Coup

GS 2 International Relations Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests Introduction             The 2021 Myanmar coup d’état began on the morning of 1 February 2021 when democratically elected members of Myanmar’s ruling party, the National League for Democracy, were deposed by the Tatmadaw—Myanmar’s military—which vested power in aContinue reading “Myanmar Millitary Coup”

WASTE MANAGEMENT- NORTH EAST

GS 2 Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. GS 3 Environment In recent years municipal solid waste (MSW) management has been one of the most environmental concerns for all urban areas of India. India’s North East is perhaps the greenest region in India,Continue reading “WASTE MANAGEMENT- NORTH EAST”

ARTICLE 356 AND JUDICIAL ACTIVISM

GS 2 Indian Constitution—significant provisions and basic structure. The recent order of the Andhra Pradesh High Court directing the Andhra Pradesh government to come prepared to argue on the ‘breakdown of constitutional machinery in the state’ is shocking as it opens up the possibility of use or even misuse of Article 356 by the judiciary.Continue reading “ARTICLE 356 AND JUDICIAL ACTIVISM”

THE MADHYA PRADESH FREEDOM OF RELIGION BILL, 2020

GS 2 Indian Polity Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein. Key Features provides for a prison term of up to 10 years fine of ₹1 lakh for conversion through “marriage or byContinue reading “THE MADHYA PRADESH FREEDOM OF RELIGION BILL, 2020”

India Nepal

GS 2 International Relations Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests. Introduction                    India and Nepal share a unique relationship, both of them share friendship and cooperation underpinned by linguistic, cultural and civilizational links, along with a wide range of commercial and economic ties, and above they are linked withContinue reading “India Nepal”

Central Vista Project

GS 2 Indian Polity Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these. GS 3 Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development. Introduction               Central Vista Project, the PM of India laid the foundation stone of the new Parliament building.             Objections were raised against the project due toContinue reading “Central Vista Project”

India – Bangladesh

GS 2 International Relations India and its neighborhood- relations. GS 3 Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc. Introduction            Bangladesh and India are South Asian neighbours. Diplomatic Relations between the two countries was followed by the visit of Indian Prime Minister on 1 1972, at Dhaka where there she had signed the Indo-Bangladesh Treaty ofContinue reading “India – Bangladesh”

India-Canada relationship

GS 2 INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora. Introduction  India-Canada bilateral relations have seen a transformation in recent years underpinned by shared values of democracy, pluralism, expanding economic engagement, regular high level interactions and long standing people-to-people ties. Current Relevance: Recently Canadian Prime MinisterContinue reading “India-Canada relationship”

Strategic autonomy in a multipolar world order

GS 2 INTERNATIONAL RELTIONS Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests. Introduction         Strategic autonomy is the ability of a state to pursue its own national interest and preferred foreign policy without being constrained by other states.         It has to be formulated as per the security environment to ensure India’s sovereigntyContinue reading “Strategic autonomy in a multipolar world order”

Changing the discourse on victim jurisprudence

GS 2 INDIAN CONSTITUTION Powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies. Introduction          With the state firmly planted in the driver’s seat, the engine of our criminal justice system runs full throttle in the name of justice; but on-boards only the accused and the functionaries.         The primary victims’ mere witnesses in the eyes of the lawContinue reading “Changing the discourse on victim jurisprudence”

India and East Asia Relations

GS 2 International Relations Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests. Introduction      India has witnessed a rapid change after the economic reforms of 1991. The foreign Policy which was previously west oriented has been replaced by a more inclusion and nuanced policy which propagates the improvement of trade, diplomaticContinue reading “India and East Asia Relations”

PRISON REFORMS IN INDIA

GS 2 GOVERNANCE Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Introduction         Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D), the police think tank formed in 1970, under the Ministry of Home Affairs to give a new orientation to the then existing Police Research and AdvisoryContinue reading “PRISON REFORMS IN INDIA”

Code on Social Security, 2020

GS 2 GOVERNANCE Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Introduction  Code on Social security 2020 is an Act to amend and consolidate the laws relating to social security with the goal to extend social security to all employees and workers either in theContinue reading “Code on Social Security, 2020”

RCEP (Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership)

GS 2 International Relations Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests. Introduction          RCEP is a trade deal that was originally being negotiated between 16 countries including India,  after exit of India, now has been signed by 15 countries. Members: 10 Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) members: Brunei, Cambodia,Continue reading “RCEP (Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership)”

Article 32

GS 2 Indian Polity Indian Constitution— significant provisions and basic structure. Introduction  Article 32 deals with the ‘Right to Constitutional Remedies’, or affirms the right to move the Supreme Court by appropriate proceedings for the enforcement of the rights conferred in Part III of the Constitution. Contemporary Issue:      Recently a Supreme Court Bench headed byContinue reading “Article 32”

Vietnam and Bangladesh

GS 2 International RelationsBilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests. Introduction  Bangladesh has become the second largest apparel exporter after ChinaVietnam’sexports have grown by about 240% in the past eight years. Two nations and their success stories: Vietnam and Bangladesh have gained enormously from trade.  Trade has created wealthContinue reading “Vietnam and Bangladesh”

Demographic Divident in India

GS 2 GOVERNANCE Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potentialIssues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.GS 3 ECONOMY Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment. Introduction         According to the United Nations Population FundContinue reading “Demographic Divident in India”

Reservation for Locals in Private Jobs

GS 2 Governance Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Introduction        Over 94% of India’s working population is part of the unorganised sector.       In local terms, organised sector or formal sector in India refers to licensed organisations, that is, those who are registered andContinue reading “Reservation for Locals in Private Jobs”

Indo-Pacific and India

GS 2 International Relations Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests. Introduction         The emerging strategic articulations are important as the ‘Indo-Pacific’ has emerged as the hub of global trade and energy supply.       The two rising economies- India & China and Japan are dependent on Indo-Pacific sea routes for their tradeContinue reading “Indo-Pacific and India”

US Presidential Election

GS 2 Indian Polity Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries. Introduction  The election of the president and the vice president of the United States is an indirect election in which citizens of the United States who are registered to vote in one of the fifty U.S. states or in Washington,Continue reading “US Presidential Election”

The nutrition fallout

GS 2 GOVERNANCE Issues relating to poverty and hunger. Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes. Introduction               The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger and improve nutrition and foodContinue reading “The nutrition fallout”

Last child matters + Annual State of Education Report (ASER) 2020

GS 2 GOVERNANCE Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Introduction       Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) is a nationwide survey of rural education and learning outcomes in terms of reading and arithmetic skills in the age group of 5-16 years.      It is conductedContinue reading “Last child matters + Annual State of Education Report (ASER) 2020”

Hate speech: A misused freedom

GS 2 Indian Polity Pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity. Gs 4 Ethics,Integrity and Aptitude Moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion. Introduction            The term hate speech is understood as any kind of communication in speech, writing or behavior that attacks or uses discriminatory language with reference to a person or aContinue reading “Hate speech: A misused freedom”

Contesting neighbours – revised geopolitical playbooks – Engaging the neighbourhood

GS 2 INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora. Introduction          The South Asian region, which is home to eight countries, and the Indian Ocean region (maritime Indian Ocean region; mostly Western Indian Ocean) comes under the broad geographic expanse of India’s neighbourhood. There areContinue reading “Contesting neighbours – revised geopolitical playbooks – Engaging the neighbourhood”

New land law for Jammu and Kashmir

GS 2 GOVERNANCE Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Introduction Before the repeal of Article 370 and Article 35-A in August last year, non-residents could not buy any immovable property in Jammu and Kashmir. Section 96 of the J&K Reorganisation Act, 2019:          CentreContinue reading “New land law for Jammu and Kashmir”

The road to zero hunger by 2030, Global Hunger Index (GHI) : Hunger in India

GS 2 GOVERNANCE,SOCIAL JUSTICE Issues relating to poverty and hunger. Introduction            The food agencies of the United Nations (UN) pledge to work together to end hunger, eradicate food insecurity and achieve Sustainable Development Goal 2 in 2030. Food system: It is a framework that includes every aspect of feeding and nourishing people: from  growing harvestingContinue reading “The road to zero hunger by 2030, Global Hunger Index (GHI) : Hunger in India”

Redefining cities

GS 2 – GOVERNANCE Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation Introduction       Urban planning is a technical and political process that is focused on the development and design of land use and the built environment including: air water the infrastructure passing into and outContinue reading “Redefining cities”

Declining sex ratio

GS 1 INDIAN SOCIETY Population and associated issues. GS 2 GOVERNANCE Issues relating to development and management of Human Resource’s. Introduction              The sex ratio is the ratio of males to females in a population. The sex ratio for the entire world population is 101 males to 100 females (2018) Contemporary Issues: Recently released SampleContinue reading “Declining sex ratio”

NGT @10 yrs

GS 2 INDIAN CONSTITUTION Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies. Introduction        The National Green Tribunal Act, 2010,which enables creation of a special tribunal,National Green Tribunal(NGT) to handle the expeditious disposal of the cases pertaining to environmental issues. Context: October 18 was a significant day, as it marked the 10th anniversary of the National Green Tribunal.Continue reading “NGT @10 yrs”

World Food Programme (WFP)

GS 2 – INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate Introduction  World Food Programme (WFP) has been forefront at the conflict-ridden countries like for humanitarian assistance to the hungry and needy people. To eradicate hunger and malnutrition with the ultimate goal of eliminating the need for food aid itself. WFP functionsContinue reading “World Food Programme (WFP)”

NATIONAL MEDICAL COMMISSION

GS 2- GOVERNANCE Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health Introduction  National Medical Commission (NMC) is an Indian regulatory body of 33 members which regulates medical education and medical professionals. Contemporary News: National Medical Commission (NMC) has come into being from 25 September. The six-decade-old Indian Medical Council Act 1956Continue reading “NATIONAL MEDICAL COMMISSION”

Quad

GS 2 : INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS:Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests. Introduction  Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (Quad) is the informal strategic dialogue between India, USA, Japan and Australia with a shared objective to ensure and support a “free, open and prosperous” Indo-Pacific region. Recently in News: It is reported thatContinue reading “Quad”

Parliamentary Committees

GS 2- POLITY: Parliament-parliamentary committees Introduction  A parliamentary system or parliamentary democracy is a system of democratic governance of a state where the executive derives its democratic legitimacy from its ability to command the confidence of the legislature and is held accountable to that parliament. Parliamentary Committees system in Indian Parliament: Indian Constitution mentions twoContinue reading “Parliamentary Committees”

UN’s retreat from multilateralism

GS 2- INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests. Introduction The United Nations is an intergovernmental organization that aims to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations, achieve international cooperation and a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations Contemporary News: The United Nations commemorated its 75thContinue reading “UN’s retreat from multilateralism”

UNITED NATIONS – 75 years

GS 2- International Relations: Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate Introduction      The United Nations completed 75 years. In order to commemorate the historic moment, world leaders come together, at a one-day high-level meeting of the UN General Assembly.Theme:‘’The Future We Want, the UN We Need: Reaffirming our Collective Commitment to Multilateralism”. History:Continue reading “UNITED NATIONS – 75 years”

Indian Democracy

GS 2 – POLITY :Indian Constitution- Features Introduction       Democracy is a form of government in which the people have the authority to choose their governing legislation.       The two types of democracy are direct and representative.  Direct democracy, the people directly deliberate and decide on legislation.  Representative democracy, the people elect representatives to deliberate and decideContinue reading “Indian Democracy”

Women in armed forces

GS 2-GOVERNANCE: Development processes : Human Development-Gender Equality Introduction        The Indian Armed Forces are the military forces of the Republic of India. It consists of three professional uniformed services: the Indian Army, Indian Navy, and Indian Air Force. The President of India is the Supreme Commander of the Indian Armed Forces.  Additionally, the Indian Armed ForcesContinue reading “Women in armed forces”

Online Education

GS 2- GOVERNANCE : Issues Relating to Development and Management of Social Sector/Services relating to Education Introduction        Online learning involves courses offered by post secondary institutions that are 100% virtual, excluding massively open online courses. Online learning, or virtual classes offered over the internet, is contrasted with traditional courses taken in a brick-and-mortar school building.Continue reading “Online Education”

Shaping Peace Together

GS 2 INTERNAIONAL RELATIONS: Politics of developed and developing countries and India’s interests Introduction         Each year the International Day of Peace is observed around the world on 21st September.  Theme for 2020 : Shaping Peace Together. There  is an occasion for deep reflection about the prevalence of war, violence and insecurity in many parts ofContinue reading “Shaping Peace Together”

GST Compensation Plan

GS-2 & GS-3, Polity & Economy-Issues and Challenges Pertaining to the Federal Structure, Mobilization of Resources Introduction           The GST council meeting has been deferred  sharp differences arisen due to the huge revenue shortfall experienced by both Centre and States.Now the Centre is trying to go back on its claims of reimbursing the states. Producing StatesContinue reading “GST Compensation Plan”

Rights of Persons With Disabilities

GS GOVERNANCE- Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation:- Equality (interpersonal and inter regional) and social justice Introduction                  The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities offers sufficient standards of protection for the civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights of persons with disabilities on the basisContinue reading “Rights of Persons With Disabilities”

Departmental Standing Committees- Extension of Tenure of Members

GS-2 INDIAN POLITY-Parliament—Structure, Functioning, Conduct of Business. Introduction       The Parliamentary committees are established to study and deal with various matters that cannot be directly handled by the legislature due to their volume. The Parliamentary committees are of two kinds –  standing/permanent committees:- are elected or appointed periodically and they work on a continuous basis.  TheContinue reading “Departmental Standing Committees- Extension of Tenure of Members”

Lok Sabha Deputy Speaker

GS 2 INDIAN POLITY : Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these Introduction        The post of Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha has been one of the bones of contention between the government and the opposition. This is the first time that the LokContinue reading “Lok Sabha Deputy Speaker”

Blockchain voting

GS-2 POLIY: Election Commission-Electoral Reforms Introduction         Democratic voting is a crucial and serious event in any country.The Election Commission of India has the idea of further digitising the electoral infrastructure of the country.         Digital voting are sometimes referred to as e-voting when voting using a machine in a polling station, and i-voting when using aContinue reading “Blockchain voting”

Malnutrition

GS 1 INDIAN SOCIETY-Population and associated issues GS 2 GOVERNANCE-Issues relating to development and management Services relating to Health Introduction        Malnutrition occurs when the body doesn’t get enough nutrients. Causes include a poor diet, digestive conditions or another disease.Symptoms:fatigue, dizziness and weight loss. Untreated malnutrition can cause physical or mental disability.There are 4 broad sub-formsContinue reading “Malnutrition”

Autonomous Bodies and Their Reforms

GS 2- POLITY : Statutory, regulatory and various quasi- judicial bodies. Introduction         Autonomous Bodies are set up whenever it is felt that certain functions need to be discharged outside the governmental set up with some amount of independence and flexibility.Ministries and departments frame policies and ensure their implementation. They are supported by a number ofContinue reading “Autonomous Bodies and Their Reforms”

Supreme Court: Current Scenario

GS 2 POLITY-Supreme Court: Judicial Appointments; Dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions Introduction      It is the highest constitutional court, and has the power of judicial review. It has extensive powers in the form of original, appellate and advisory jurisdictions. Recent Incidents: Decision on matter of Prashant Bhushan’s contempt case. the retirement of Justice Arun Mishra. RelatedContinue reading “Supreme Court: Current Scenario”

Mission Karmayogi

GS 2-GOVERNANCE- Role of civil services in a democracy, Important aspects of governance,transparency and accountability. Introduction       Mission Karmayogi’ – the National Programme for Civil Services Capacity Building (NPCSCB) aims to transform capacity-building in the bureaucracy through institutional and process reforms. Six Pillars: Policy Framework Institutional Framework Competency Framework Digital Learning Framework iGOT-Karmayogi The electronic HumanContinue reading “Mission Karmayogi”

The Foreign Policy tenet after Non-Alignment

GS 1 Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country. GS 2 INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS- India’s Foreign Policy: NAM (Non-Aligned Movement) Introduction         Non-Alignment was a policy fashioned during the Cold War, to retain an autonomy of policy between two politico-military blocs- the Soviet and the American.It broadly united around NAM’s flagship campaigns for de-colonisation, universal nuclear disarmamentContinue reading “The Foreign Policy tenet after Non-Alignment”

Appropriate Strategy:Banning apps

GS 2 – INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS : India and its neighborhood- relations. Introduction       Government banned 118 applications(PUBG,WeChat Work, Baidu, Camcard, Alipay etc),59 apps in June(Tik Tok,Camscanner etc) stating these were “Prejudicial to sovereignty and integrity of integrity of India,defence of India,security of State and public order.” Under section 69A of the Information Technology(IT) Act.         Since June,Continue reading “Appropriate Strategy:Banning apps”

India’s stand on the LAC

GS 2-INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS : India and its neighborhood- relations. Introduction            Ongoing Chinese aggression at the Line of Actual Control,there is little clarity even today either in the country’s strategic community or the general public on the exact nature of developments on the China-India border. The Line of Actual Control (LAC) is a loose demarcation lineContinue reading “India’s stand on the LAC”

Health Mission-Going Digital

GS-2 GOVERNANCE-Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health. Introduction      The Independence Day address of the Prime Minister launching the National Digital Health Mission (NDHM)(‘Going Digital’) during an unprecedented novel coronavirus pandemic crisis.       India’s competitive advantage lies in its large pool of well-trained medical professionals.        India is also cost competitive comparedContinue reading “Health Mission-Going Digital”

Question Hour in upcoming Monsoon Session of Parliament

GS 2- POLITY – Parliament-Conduct of Business Introduction      India is a Parliamentary democracy where the executive is accountable to the electorate through a legislature which in turn is periodically elected by the people.This accountability, which lies at the heart of democratic governance, is implemented through procedures put in place by the legislature. Procedures throughContinue reading “Question Hour in upcoming Monsoon Session of Parliament”

Supply Chain Resilience Initiative

GS-2 INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS-Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India. Introduction     Japan has mooted the Supply Chain Resilience Initiative (SCRI) as a trilateral approach to trade, with India and Australia. The initiative aims to reduce the dependency in china,with Covid-19 and trade tensions between China and the United States. Supply chain Supply chain resilienceContinue reading “Supply Chain Resilience Initiative”

DEMOCRACY

POLITY- Salient features – Democrarcy Democracy is both a form of government and an ideal, an aspiration and a standard. The core element of democracy is self-rule.         A  democratic  polity  can  be  classified  into  two  categories monarchy  and  republic.  In  a monarchy,  the  head  of  the  state (usually  king  or  queen)  enjoys  a  hereditary  position,(e.g., Britain.Continue reading “DEMOCRACY”

Pandemic and Federalism

GS-2 Polity- Issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure Introduction         A pandemic is defined as “an epidemic occurring worldwide, or over a very wide area, crossing international boundaries and usually affecting a large number of people”.(WHO) COVID19:affected more than 5 million and resulted in a loss in excess of 80000 lives.(current DATA in India)Continue reading “Pandemic and Federalism”

EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS AT THE TIME OF COVID19

GS 2 –  Social Justice-Issues related to the development and management of the social sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources Qn.Covid19 has impacted all sectors of Indian Economy, but the educational sector is affected most. Discuss the issues faced by educational institutions during this pandemic and suggest suitable measures to overcome these challenges. IntroductionContinue reading “EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS AT THE TIME OF COVID19”

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