Current Affairs 12th July 2021

01) NEWS: Mekedatu Project News: the Karnataka govt. is likely to pressurize the centre for approval the costruction of Mekedatu Project on the Cauvery River. The Ministry of water resources gave its approval for the project. The project now looking forward for the approval of Environment ministry (MoEFCC). It is crucial because 63% of CauveryContinue reading “Current Affairs 12th July 2021”

Current Affairs 11th July 2021

01) NEWS: The bar on criticism that mules the advocate Background Bar council of India, a statutory body, on June 26,2021 amendments to the Bar Council of India rules were announced which is about professional conduct and etiquette of advocates. About the new rules Under the new rules advocates liable for disciplinary proceedings for makingContinue reading “Current Affairs 11th July 2021”

Current Affairs 10th July 2021

GS II 01) NEWS: Cabinet okays 23,123 crore aid package What is the fund for: Boost emergency response and healthcare  system especially for early prevention, detention and management  with emphasis more on health infrastructure. Objectives: Tackle the problems observed in second wave covid attack- Oxygen and medicine shortage. Expansion of the national telemedicine platform: e-sanjeevaniContinue reading “Current Affairs 10th July 2021”

India’s cities need to be sustainable, not smart

GS 1 – Population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.  Source : The Indian Express dated 01/07/2021 https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/india-smart-city-mission-7383242/ Context : On June 25, the Smart Cities Mission (SCM) completed six years of its launch. Positioned as a game-changer by the government, the mission promised lighting development of citiesContinue reading “India’s cities need to be sustainable, not smart”

Rule of Law vs Rule by Law

GS 2 –  Indian Constitution—Historical Underpinnings, Evolution, Features, Amendments, Significant Provisions and Basic Structure. Source : The Indian Express dated 02/07/2021 https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/n-v-ramana-pd-desai-memorial-lecture-indian-judiciary-state-rule-of-law-constitution-7385031/ Context : Currently, the entire world is facing an unprecedented crisis in the form of Covid-19. At this juncture, we necessarily have to pause and ask ourselves as to what extent we have used the RuleContinue reading “Rule of Law vs Rule by Law”

In India, forest rights mean forest conservation

GS 2- Welfare Schemes for Vulnerable Sections of the population by the Centre and States and the Performance of these Schemes; Mechanisms, Laws, Institutions and Bodies constituted for the Protection and Betterment of these Vulnerable Sections. GS 3 – Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation, Environmental Impact Assessment. Source :  The Indian Express dated 29/06/2021 https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/forest-rights-banni-grassland-conservation-climate-change-7380113/ Context OnContinue reading “In India, forest rights mean forest conservation”

Design a climate ready governance system

GS 2 – Government Policies and Interventions for Development in various sectors and Issues arising out of their Design and Implementation. GS 3 –  Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation, Environmental Impact Assessment. Source : The Hindustan Times dated 24/06/2021 https://www.hindustantimes.com/opinion/design-a-climate-ready-governance-system-101624539589491.html Reference : https://cprindia.org/research/reports/building-climate-ready-indian-state-institutions-and-governance-transformative-low Context Countries around the world, including India, face the challenge of buildingContinue reading “Design a climate ready governance system”

The relevance of DFIs

GS 3 – Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment. Source : The Business Line dated 22/06/2021 https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/opinion/why-dfis-have-regained-relevance-today/article34913371.eceReference : https://prsindia.org/billtrack/the-national-bank-for-financing-infrastructure-and-development-bill-2021 Context As promised in the Budget speech by Finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman, Parliament has approved the National Bank for Financing Infrastructure and Development Bill. This approval has pavedContinue reading “The relevance of DFIs”

Lessons from China on bad banks

GS 3 – Inclusive Growth and issues arising from it. Source : The Indian Express dated 25/06/2021 https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/india-bad-bank-national-asset-reconstruction-company-china-7374608/ Context Finance Minister in her Budget speech revived the idea of a ‘bad bank’ by stating that the Centre proposes to set up an asset reconstruction company to acquire bad loans from banks.As India gets ready to operationalise a new bad bank, the NationalContinue reading “Lessons from China on bad banks”

The Right to Education Act

GS 2 – Issues Relating to Development and Management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. Source : The Deccan Herald dated 19/06/2021 https://www.deccanherald.com/opinion/panorama/why-the-right-to-education-law-hasnt-worked-wonders-998655.html Context The Right To Education Act (RTE) brought new dawn upon the human capital of a rapidly developing country like India. The Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) 2018 states thatContinue reading “The Right to Education Act”

Paradiplomacy

GS 2 – Effect of Policies and Politics of Developed and Developing Countries on India’s interests, Indian Diaspora. Source :  The Hindustan Times https://www.hindustantimes.com/opinion/paradiplomacy-the-possibilities-and-challenges-of-assam-bangladesh-relations-101624019605196.html Context Recently, Assam chief minister Himanta Biswa Sarma has emphasised the need to explore areas of cooperation with Bangladesh.Foreign policy is conventionally seen as the exclusive domain of the sovereign State,Continue reading “Paradiplomacy”

Sea snot outbreak in Turkey

GS 1 – Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes. GS 3 –  Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation, Environmental Impact Assessment. Source : The Indian Express datedContinue reading “Sea snot outbreak in Turkey”

India’s Nutrition Challenge

GS 2 – Issues Relating to Development and Management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources, Issues relating to Poverty and Hunger. Source : The Indian Express dated 11/06/2021 https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/how-india-can-tackle-its-formidable-nutrition-challenge-7353391/ Context One of the silent and invisible crises the Covid 19 pandemic is amplifying is that of malnutrition, as incomes, food consumption andContinue reading “India’s Nutrition Challenge”

G7 needs a reset

GS  2 – Bilateral, Regional and Global Groupings and Agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests. Source : The Hindustan Times dated 11/06/2021 https://www.hindustantimes.com/opinion/g7-needs-a-reset-it-must-reflect-the-world-of-today-101623405086130.html Context In his final year in office, the United States (US) President Donald Trump found G7 to be an “outdated group of countries”. He was forthright in his denunciation, saying “IContinue reading “G7 needs a reset”

India must outlaw conversion therapy

GS 1 – Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India. Social empowerment. GS 2 – Mechanisms, Laws, Institutions and Bodies constituted for the Protection and Betterment of these Vulnerable Sections. Source : The Indian Express dated 10/06/2021 https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/baseless-and-barbaric-india-must-outlaw-conversion-therapy-7351569/ Context : On June 7, the Madras High Court explicitly called for an Indian ban on conversion therapy.TheContinue reading “India must outlaw conversion therapy”

Centrality of Blue Economy in post-pandemic recovery

GS 3 – Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation GS 2 – Effect of Policies and Politics of Developed and Developing Countries on India’s interests Source  : The Hindustan Times dated 07/06/2021 http://www.hindustantimes.com/opinion/after-the-pandemic-the-centrality-of-the-blue-economy-in-recovery-101623076536394.html Context : One of the major challenges following the Covid-19  pandemic is the loss of livelihoods and jobs. The Blue Economy represents enormousContinue reading “Centrality of Blue Economy in post-pandemic recovery”

Importance of the Ethanol Blending Program

GS 3 – Infrastructure: Energy Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation Source : The Hindustan Times dated 06/06/2021  https://www.hindustantimes.com/editorials/the-importance-of-the-pm-s-ethanol-push-101622987910186.html Context On World Environment Day (June 5), Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced that the target of 20% ethanol blended petrol has been advanced by five years to 2025. What is Ethanol Blending Program? The Ethanol Blended Petrol (EBP) programmeContinue reading “Importance of the Ethanol Blending Program”

Simultaneous elections

GS 2 – Salient Features of the Representation of People’s Act. Source : The Indian Express dated 05/06/2021 https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/why-simultaneous-polls-is-an-idea-whose-time-has-come-7344586/ Reference : https://niti.gov.in/writereaddata/files/document_publication/Note%20on%20Simultaneous%20Elections.pdf Context : As the elections in four states and one Union territory in March-April are suspected to have contributed to the second wave of Covid infections, a well-reasoned debate on a concept asContinue reading “Simultaneous elections”

Review the sedition law

GS 2 – Indian Constitution—Historical Underpinnings, Evolution, Features, Amendments, Significant Provisions and Basic Structure. Source :The Hindustan Times dated 01/06/2021 https://www.hindustantimes.com/editorials/review-the-sedition-law-protect-rights-101622552398358.html Reference  : https://static.pib.gov.in/WriteReadData/userfiles/Consultation%20Paper%20on%20Sedition.pdf Context : Concerned over the misuse of India’s sedition law, the Supreme Court said that it will define the contours of the colonial era penal provision to indicate what does and does notContinue reading “Review the sedition law”

It is time to revive MPLADS

GS 2 – Government Policies and Interventions for Development in various sectors and Issues arising out of their Design and Implementation Source The Hindustan Times dated 29/05/2021 https://www.hindustantimes.com/opinion/it-is-time-to-revive-mplads-it-will-help-citizens-101622297618501.html Context In April 2020, the Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS) funds were suspended for two years.Recently, Bahujan Samaj Party leader and Member of ParliamentContinue reading “It is time to revive MPLADS”

Interoperable Criminal Justice System

GS 2 – Important Aspects of Governance, Transparency and Accountability, E-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential Source : The Indian Express dated 28/05/2021 https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/the-dangers-of-a-centralised-database-for-justice-system-7333252/ Context The Supreme Court’s e-committee, headed by Justice D Y Chandrachud, is tasked with integrating digital technologies in courts to enhance judicial productivity and efficiency. In the third phase of this project,Continue reading “Interoperable Criminal Justice System”

Crisis in India’s dairy sector

GS 3 :  Economics of Animal-Rearing Source : The Indian Express dated 28/05/2021https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/indias-dairy-sector-is-in-crisis-government-must-do-more-to-help-7333340/ Context : In the first wave of the Covid-19 pandemic, agriculture and allied sectors put up a spectacular performance with an annual growth of 3.4 per cent while the economy contracted by (-)7.2 per cent in 2020-21.But the second wave of pandemic has thrown theContinue reading “Crisis in India’s dairy sector”

Inhuman conditions in Indian prisons

GS 2 : Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.  Source : The Indian Express dated 27/05/2021 https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/the-pandemic-has-put-the-spotlight-on-inhumane-conditions-in-indian-prisons-7330342/Reference : https://ncrb.gov.in/en/prison-statistics-india-2019 Context : The raging COVID-19 pandemic has turned the spotlight on Indian prisons and the recent hearings in the Bhima Koregaon case have raised the coreContinue reading “Inhuman conditions in Indian prisons”

Impact of climate change on Antarctica

GS 3 – Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation, Environmental Impact Assessment. Source : The Print dated 24/05/2021 https://theprint.in/opinion/antarctica-is-headed-for-a-climate-tipping-point-by-2060-with-catastrophic-melting/663245/ Context : Recently a new study showed  that if emissions are not cut quickly, by about 2060, the Antarctic ice sheet will lead to a sea level rise that is not reversible on human timescales.It holds enoughContinue reading “Impact of climate change on Antarctica”

Cyber attacks on critical infrastructure : Is India ready?

GS 3 – Challenges to Internal Security through Communication Networks, Role of Media and Social Networking Sites in Internal Security Challenges, Basics of Cyber Security Source: The Hindustan Times dated 21/05/2021 https://www.hindustantimes.com/opinion/cyber-attacks-on-critical-infrastructure-is-india-ready-101621514744151.html Context : Last week, a major cyber attack crippled one of the largest pipelines in the United States (US), Colonial Pipeline, which carriesContinue reading “Cyber attacks on critical infrastructure : Is India ready?”

Prepare for the next challenge- Heat waves

GS 3 – Disaster and Disaster Management Source : The Hindustan Times dated 17/05/2021 https://www.hindustantimes.com/editorials/prepare-for-the-next-challenge-heat-waves-101621342753774.html Reference : http://www.ndma.gov.in/Natural-Hazards/Heat-Wave Context :  An earlier advisory in March 2021 warned that “above normal seasonal maximum temperatures are likely” over most of the country. Over the past decades, such high temperature extremes have become more prevalent. What is aContinue reading “Prepare for the next challenge- Heat waves”

American Exit From Afghanistan

GS 2 – Effect of Policies and Politics of Developed and Developing Countries on India’s interests Source: The Indian Express dated 11/05/2021 https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/india-pakistan-relations-us-in-middle-east-afghanistan-7309907/ Context: US President Joe Biden announced the departure of American troops from Afghanistan by September 11 this year, coinciding with the 20th anniversary of the attacks on US in 2001. Announcing theContinue reading “American Exit From Afghanistan”

The Climate crisis and Cyclones

GS 1 – Important Geophysical Phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc.GS 3 –  Disaster and Disaster Management. Source : The Hindustan Times dated 16/05/2021 https://www.hindustantimes.com/editorials/the-climate-crisis-and-cyclones-101621167547861.htmlReference-http://www.ndma.gov.in/sites/default/files/PDF/cyclone/cyclones.pdf Context : A severe cyclonic storm, Tauktae , intensified into a “very severe cyclonic storm” over the east central Arabian Sea, and affected the Kerala, Goa, Karnataka,Continue reading “The Climate crisis and Cyclones”

Restructuring the tribunals system

GS 2 : Statutory, Regulatory and various Quasi-judicial Bodies. Source : The Hindu dated 17/05/2021 https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/restructuring-the-tribunals-system/article34574959.eceReference : https://prsindia.org/billtrack/the-tribunals-reforms-rationalisation-and-conditions-of-service-ordinance-2021 Context : Recently, the President promulgated the  Tribunal Reforms (Rationalisation and Conditions of Service) Ordinance 2021 through which the Appellate authorities under nine laws have been replaced with High Courts. Now this ordinance has been challenged in the high court.Continue reading “Restructuring the tribunals system”

DON’T DILUTE GREEN SAFEGUARDS

GS 3 – Environment Impact Assessment Source: The Hindustan Times dated 11/05/2021 https://www.hindustantimes.com/editorials/dont-dilute-green-safeguards-101620745349910.html Context : Last week, the environment ministry allowed companies in several industries to expand capacity, based on a self-certification that their operations will not increase the pollution load. This along with several other changes made in the Draft EIA notification 2020 givesContinue reading “DON’T DILUTE GREEN SAFEGUARDS”

Lessons for India from the Ebola epidemic

Source : Hindustan Times dated 06/05/2021 https://www.hindustantimes.com/opinion/lessons-for-india-from-the-ebola-epidemic-101620217055295.html Context : Recently the  WHO Director-General congratulated the Democratic Republic of the Congo as 12th Ebola outbreak was declared over and stressed the need to maintain vigilance to prevent virus’s return. The West African Ebola epidemic, which infected 28,616 and killed 11,310 in Sierra Leone, Liberia and GuineaContinue reading “Lessons for India from the Ebola epidemic”

INDIA – UK RELATIONS

GS 2 : IR – Effect of Policies and Politics of Developed and Developing Countries on India’s interests Source: The Indian Express dated 04/05/2021 https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/narendra-modi-boris-johnson-digital-conversation-covid-crisis-india-uk-relations-7300826/ Context: India and the United Kingdom share a modern partnership bound by strong historical ties. The bilateral relationship was upgraded to a strategic partnership in 2004 and further strengthened byContinue reading “INDIA – UK RELATIONS”

Universal Social Welfare

GS 2 – Government Schemes/Policies, Schemes For Vulnerable Sections Source : https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/making-social-welfare-universal/article34433217.ece Context: Human Development Report (HDR) 2020 released by UN Development Programme says that Covid-19 pandemic may have pushed some 100 million people into extreme poverty, the worst setback in a generation.The pandemic has thus revealed that leveraging our existing schemes and providing universalContinue reading “Universal Social Welfare”

INDIA’S PUSH FOR A GAS BASED ECONOMY

GS 3 – Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc. Source : The Inian Express dated 02/05/2021 https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/indias-road-to-clean-energy-goes-via-natural-gas-7299417/ Context : Policy makers, climate negotiators, academicians, corporates and NGOs are currently fixated on the concept of “net zero carbon emissions” and the appropriate target year for achieving it.“Net Zero” offers everyone a tangible metric against whichContinue reading “INDIA’S PUSH FOR A GAS BASED ECONOMY”

INDIA-JAPAN RELATIONS

GS 2:  IR – INDIA AND ITS NEIGHBORHOOD – RELATIONS Source: The Hindu dated 01/05/2021 https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/the-rising-sun-in-india-japan-relations/article34453087.ece Context : Recently, the new Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga met with the new United States President. Both the the leaders have set the agenda for the wider Indo-Pacific engagement. Given that the Japanese Prime Minister plans to visitContinue reading “INDIA-JAPAN RELATIONS”

VACCINE NATIONALISM

GS 2 : Issues relating to health Source: The Indian Express dated 04/05/2021 https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/business/india-business/nirmala-sitharaman-calls-for-sharing-of-technologies-on-covid-vaccines-says-no-space-for-vaccine-nationalism/articleshow/82370579.cms Context: Stressing that there cannot be any vaccine nationalism, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman on Monday urged countries to share technologies on Covid vaccines. She also called for examining Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) agreement in the light of the coronaContinue reading “VACCINE NATIONALISM”

ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE- A SLOW TSUNAMI

GS 2 : Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources, GS 3 : Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Source: The Hindu dated 29/4/2021 https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/antimicrobial-resistance-the-silent-threat/article34434231.ece Context: Covid-19 pandemic has underscored the need for cross-national collaboration in tackling antimicrobial resistance (AMR), whichContinue reading “ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE- A SLOW TSUNAMI”

BIMSTEC-ISSUES AND CHALLENGES

GS 2: IR – GROUPINGS AND AGREEMENTS INVOLVING INDIA/INDIA’S INTERESTS Source: The Hindu dated14/04/2021 https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/bimstec-needs-to-reinvent-itself/article34313033.ece Context : Recently, the foreign ministers of BIMSTEC (the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation) met in a virtual conference. This is the first ministerial since the globe has been hit by the Covid-19 pandemic. Outcomes of theContinue reading “BIMSTEC-ISSUES AND CHALLENGES”

UNPRECEDENTED FOREST FIRE IN UTTARAKHAND

GS 3 – Disaster and Disaster Management Source : The INDIAN EXPRESS dated 07/04/2021 https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-why-is-this-seasons-forest-fires-in-uttarakhand-worrisome-7261373/ Context : In just five days of April, Uttarakhand has recorded 361 incidents of forest fire that have damaged 567 hectares, including 380 hectares of reserve forest areas. Introduction Forest fires, also called bush or vegetation fire or wildfire, it can beContinue reading “UNPRECEDENTED FOREST FIRE IN UTTARAKHAND”

A Road Map For Tolerance

GS 1:Society Racism will not be overcome with mere professions of good faith but with anti-racist action Context UNESCO’s headquarters in Paris hosted a Global Forum against Racism and Discrimination on March 22, 2021, in partnership with the Republic of Korea. The International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination is observed annually on theContinue reading “A Road Map For Tolerance”

A Walk-Back

GS 2: International Relation CONTEXT: President Joe Biden allowed a ban on issuance of H-1B visas for skilled workers to lapse at the end of March 2021 Background: Biden shows intent on reworking immigration rules by not extending H-1B visa ban 1) H-1B visa What is it: The H-1B visa category covers individuals who “work in aContinue reading “A Walk-Back”

Delay In Filling Key Posts In Apex Tax Body Raises Concerns

Background The delay in appointing members of the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT), the apex body of the Income Tax Department, is puzzling the entire revenue service and tax bureaucracy. Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) It is a statutory body established as per the Central Board of Revenue Act, 1963. It is India’s official financial actionContinue reading “Delay In Filling Key Posts In Apex Tax Body Raises Concerns”

Philippines Accuses China Of Plans To Occupy More Areas

Backdrop The Philippines’ Defense Secretary said that China was looking to occupy more areas in the South China Sea, citing the continued presence of Chinese vessels that Manila believes are manned by militias in disputed parts of the strategic waterway. South China Sea South China Sea is an arm of western Pacific Ocean in Southeast Asia. It is southContinue reading “Philippines Accuses China Of Plans To Occupy More Areas”

Another Batch Of Rafale Jets To Fly In By Mid-May

India will receive another 8 to 9 Rafale jets from France by mid May, with some expected later this month, completing the first squadron of the fighters in the Indian Air Force (IAF). Rafales Introduced in 2001, the Rafale is a French twin-engine and multirole fighter aircraft designed and built by Dassault Aviation being produced for both the FrenchContinue reading “Another Batch Of Rafale Jets To Fly In By Mid-May”

Amid Virus Surge, Russian Vaccine May Get The Nod

Background Sputnik V, developed by Gamaleya Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology, is a two dose  adenovirus based vector vaccine, similar in design to AstraZeneca’s Covishield. A challenge with the vaccine is its storage. The liquid form of the vaccine requires it to be stored at 18°C or colder while the freeze dried version canContinue reading “Amid Virus Surge, Russian Vaccine May Get The Nod”

The Big Push For Digital Currency In China

GS#3_ Science and Technology– Developments and their Applications and Effects in Everyday Life. Backdrop China in February launched the latest round of pilot trials of its new digital currency, with reported plans of a major rollout by the end of the year and ahead of the Winter Olympics in Beijing in February 2022. While severalContinue reading “The Big Push For Digital Currency In China”

Maintaining The Inflation Target At 4%

Gs3_Economy Backdrop On the last day of the financial year 2020-21,the Finance Ministry announced that the inflation target for the five years between April 2021 and March 2026 will remain unchanged at 4%, with an upper tolerance level of 6% and a lower tolerance level of 2%. This is the retail inflation target that willContinue reading “Maintaining The Inflation Target At 4%”

Left Wing Extremism (LWE)

Gs3_Role of External State and Non-state Actors in creating challenges to Internal Security. Why in news Five security personnel were killed and more than 12 injured in an encounter with Maoists in Sukma district of Chhattisgarh. Left-Wing Extremism LWE organizations are the groups that try to bring change through violent revolution. They are against democratic institutions andContinue reading “Left Wing Extremism (LWE)”

Mines and Minerals Amendment Bill 2021

GS 2 : Government Policies and Interventions for Development in various sectors andIssues arising out of their Design and Implementation GS 3 : Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation, Environmental ImpactAssessment Source : https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/rajya-sabha-passes-mines-and-mineral-amendment-bill/article34134612.ece Reference : https://prsindia.org/billtrack/the-mines-and-minerals-development-and-regulation-amendment-bill-2021http://www.arthapedia.in/index.php?title=Minor_Minerals#ref1 Context: The Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha passed the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) (MMDR) Amendment Bill, 2021. TheContinue reading “Mines and Minerals Amendment Bill 2021”

Remove The Wedges In India-Bangladesh Ties

GS 2 – IR : India and its Neighborhood- Relations. GS 2 – IR : Effect of Policies and Politics of Developed and Developing   Countries on India’s interests, Indian Diaspora. Source : The Hindu dated 26/03/2021: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/remove-the-wedges-in-india-bangladesh-ties/article34163863.ece Reference : https://fsi.mea.gov.in/Portal/ForeignRelation/India_Bangladesh_MAR2021.pdf Context : Prime Minister Sri. Narendra Modi visits Bangladesh as Bangladesh celebrates its 50 yearsContinue reading “Remove The Wedges In India-Bangladesh Ties”

Hydrogen as an alternative fuel

GS 3 Science and Technology Developments and their applications and effects in everyday life. Introduction          Hydrogen fuel cells produce electricity by combining hydrogen and oxygen atoms ; reacts with oxygen across an electrochemical cell similar to that of a battery to produce electricity, water, and small amounts of heat. Current Scenario: In Union BudgetContinue reading “Hydrogen as an alternative fuel”

Juvenile Justice Act

GS 1 Indian Society, GS 2 Governance Mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections. Introduction          Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act,2015 defines “Juvenile” or “Child” as a person who has not completed 18 years of age. Recent Amendment: Recently the Union Cabinet has approvedContinue reading “Juvenile Justice Act”

Water Governance

GS 3 Environment Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment. Introduction            Water governance refers to the political, social, economic and administrative systems in place that influence water’s use and management. Every place and every community have their unique problems associated with water, Scarce water resource is to be allocated, Generate livelihood in theContinue reading “Water Governance”

Nanophotonics

GS 3 Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life. Introduction          Nanophotonics or nano-optics is the study of the behavior of light on the nanometer scale, and of the interaction of nanometer-scale objects with light. Current Context: Crystals are normally rigid, stiff structures, but researchers from University of Hyderabad haveContinue reading “Nanophotonics”

Sexual Harassment Of Women At Workplaces

GS 1 Indian Society Role of women and women’s organization, and associated issues. Introduction           Sexual Harassment at the workplace not only violates their right to equality, life, and liberty but also discourages their participation in economic activities. Contemporary Issue: A recent case involving a Senior Editor and former Union Minister has put some lightContinue reading “Sexual Harassment Of Women At Workplaces”

Geo-Spatial data Policy

GS 3 Science And Technology Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, and issues relating to it. Introduction          Geo-spatial data represents the data-linked to features or objects on the Earth’s surface. Recent News Department of Science and Technology(DST) announced liberalised guidelines for geospatial data and mapping in India. The guidelines permitted Indian companies toContinue reading “Geo-Spatial data Policy”

DNA Technology Regulation Bill

GS 3 Science and Technology Developments and their applications and effects in everyday life. Introduction               DNA analysis is extremely useful and accurate. DNA analysis can ascertain the identity of a person from his/her DNA sample. Recent News The Parliamentary Standing Committee (PSC) asked the government to pay “careful attention” to the DNA Technology (UseContinue reading “DNA Technology Regulation Bill”

Recommendation of 15th Finance Commission and challenges faced by Local Bodies

GS 3 Indian Economy Issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment. Introduction            The Finance Commissions (IAST: Vitta Āyoga) are commissions periodically constituted by the President of India under Article 280 of the Indian Constitution to define the financial relations between the central government of India and the individual state governments.Continue reading “Recommendation of 15th Finance Commission and challenges faced by Local Bodies”

Glacial Lake Outburst Flood (GLOF) in Uttarakhand

GS 3 Environment Disaster and disaster management. Introduction         A glacial lake outburst flood is a type of outburst flood caused by the failure of a dam containing a glacial lake. Recent Incident: Recently a glacial burst has occurred in Nanda Devi glacier in Uttarakhand’s Chamoli district. 19 bodies have been recovered so far andContinue reading “Glacial Lake Outburst Flood (GLOF) in Uttarakhand”

Myanmar Millitary Coup

GS 2 International Relations Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests Introduction             The 2021 Myanmar coup d’état began on the morning of 1 February 2021 when democratically elected members of Myanmar’s ruling party, the National League for Democracy, were deposed by the Tatmadaw—Myanmar’s military—which vested power in aContinue reading “Myanmar Millitary Coup”

Mahatma Gandhi’s core values

GS 4 Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators. Introduction          Gandhi was a thinker, writer, public intellectual, political activist, political theorist and, above all, a philosopher who invented a new philosophical way of life. Background As a philosopher, he undoubtedly deserves toContinue reading “Mahatma Gandhi’s core values”

Economic Survey prediction

GS 3 Indian Economy Issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment. Introduction             India’s economy is firmly in the middle of a V-shaped recovery and will bounce back to record 11% growth in 2021-22 after an estimated 7.7% contraction this year, according to a ‘conservative’ estimate in the Economic Survey 2020-21.         Continue reading “Economic Survey prediction”

The Budget speech

GS 3 Indian Economics Government Budgeting. Introduction              International Monetary Fund’s (IMF) Chief Economist Gita Gopinath has favoured the extension of the pandemic support measures. BACKGROUND Budget and Constitutional Provisions:        According to Article 112 of the Indian Constitution, the Union Budget of a year is referred to as the Annual Financial Statement (AFS). InContinue reading “The Budget speech”

Criminalisation of government criticisms

GS 4 – Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance. Introduction           As per the NationalContinue reading “Criminalisation of government criticisms”

5G technology in India

GS 3 Science and Technology Developments and their applications and effects in everyday life. Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology. Introduction          5G or fifth generation is the latest upgrade so far in the long-term evolution (LTE) mobile broadband networks. The 5G technology mainly works in 3Continue reading “5G technology in India”

Caste and the Census – New Framework

GS 1 Indian Society Population and Associated Issues Introduction        Enumerating, describing and understanding the population of a society and what people have access to, and what they are excluded from, is important not only for social scientists but also for policy practitioners and the government.       In this regard, the Census of India, enumeratesContinue reading “Caste and the Census – New Framework”

Flash Droughts in India

Introduction         According to UN, Drought is defined as an extended period – a season, a year, or several years – of deficient rainfall relative to the statistical multi-year average for a region. Historical Background:       In 1979, India faced a severe flash drought, affecting about 40% of the country and taking a toll onContinue reading “Flash Droughts in India”

Agricultural Exports – India’s Potential, Initiatives, Challenges and solutions

GS 3 Indian Economy Transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints Introduction                   The 2019-20 Economic survey mentions a few important figures of India’s agricultural exports. Indian agricultural/horticultural and processed foods are exported to more than 100 countries/regions in the world.   Recently In News US Department of Agriculture(USDA) has forecasted 1.8 millionContinue reading “Agricultural Exports – India’s Potential, Initiatives, Challenges and solutions”

Answer Synopsis 14/01/2021

Question : India has witnessed many instances of invocation of Article 356 and the issues circling it. Highlight the constitutional conditions for valid exercise of Article 356 and the consequences of invocation of Article 356? Structure of the answer Define Article 356. Point out recent issues in relation to Article 356. Enlist the constitutional provisionsContinue reading “Answer Synopsis 14/01/2021”

Daily GS Answer Writing 14.01.2021

Question India has witnessed many instances of invocation of Article 356 and the issues circling it. Highlight the constitutional conditions for valid exercise of Article 356 and the consequences of invocation of Article 356? Referencehttps://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/article-356-and-an-activist-judiciary/article33419769.ece?homepage=true Structure of the answer Define Article 356. Point out recent issues in relation to Article 356. Enlist the constitutional provisionsContinue reading “Daily GS Answer Writing 14.01.2021”

Answer Synopsis 13/01/2021

Question : Disaster management in India has undergone change throughout the years from relief centric to proactive prevention, mitigation and preparedness oriented approach. Discuss the evolution of this new approach and how has this been put into effect? Structure of the answer Give a short description on Disaster Management. Point out the structural evolution inContinue reading “Answer Synopsis 13/01/2021”

Daily GS Answer Writing 13.01.2021

Question Disaster management in India has undergone change throughout the years from relief centric to proactive prevention, mitigation and preparedness oriented approach. Discuss the evolution of this new approach and how has this been put into effect? Referencehttps://www.google.com/amp/s/www.thehindubusinessline.com/opinion/india-is-not-prepared-for-natural-disasters/article30463153.ece/amp/ Structure of the answer Give a short description on Disaster Management. Point out the structural evolution inContinue reading “Daily GS Answer Writing 13.01.2021”

Daily GS Answer Writing 12.01.2021

Question Multiple fissures has emerged in the sound relation between India and Nepal, highlight the issues aggravating this relation? Bring out the areas where India can work in future to resolve this issues? Referencehttps://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/recalibrating-india-nepal-ties/article33215647.ece Structure of the answer Give a short introduction on long-lasting relationship between India and Nepal. Point out the issues aggravating thisContinue reading “Daily GS Answer Writing 12.01.2021”

Answer Synopsis 12/01/2021

Question : In the recent Covid era we have seen increasing presence of many OTT platforms and social media platforms. Discuss the issues emanating from this increased influence and the need for controlling these platforms? What are the possible solutions to overcome this issue? (15 marks, 250 words) Synopsis OTT platforms have become a stressContinue reading “Answer Synopsis 12/01/2021”

COMMUNITY FOREST, HABITAT RIGHTS

GS 3 Environment Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation Draft guidelines were prepared by two committees formed MoTA in February 2020-Committee on Management of Community Forest Rights (CFR) Committee on Habitat rights. OBJECTIVE Guidelines for CFR are aimed at creating a community forests resource management committee as an executive arm of Gram Sabha in managing CFRContinue reading “COMMUNITY FOREST, HABITAT RIGHTS”

Answer Synopsis 11/01/2021

Question : Multiple fissures has emerged in the sound relation between India and Nepal, highlight the issues aggravating this relation? Bring out the areas where India can work in future to resolve this issues? Structure of the answer Give a short introduction on long-lasting relationship between India and Nepal. Point out the issues aggravating thisContinue reading “Answer Synopsis 11/01/2021”

Daily GS Answer Writing 11.01.2021

Question Multiple fissures has emerged in the sound relation between India and Nepal, highlight the issues aggravating this relation? Bring out the areas where India can work in future to resolve this issues? Referencehttps://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/recalibrating-india-nepal-ties/article33215647.ece Structure of the answer Give a short introduction on long-lasting relationship between India and Nepal. Point out the issues aggravating thisContinue reading “Daily GS Answer Writing 11.01.2021”

WASTE MANAGEMENT- NORTH EAST

GS 2 Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. GS 3 Environment In recent years municipal solid waste (MSW) management has been one of the most environmental concerns for all urban areas of India. India’s North East is perhaps the greenest region in India,Continue reading “WASTE MANAGEMENT- NORTH EAST”

Answer Synopsis 08/01/2021

Question : The devolution of funds to the states have seen a downfall. In this very outset discuss the reasons for the decreased allocation in funds along with its aftereffects? (10 marks, 150 words) Synopsis State government funds has been a constant support to the various development programmes which was directly helpful to the peopleContinue reading “Answer Synopsis 08/01/2021”

Daily GS Answer Writing 08.01.2021

Question The devolution of funds to the states have seen a downfall. In this very outset discuss the reasons for the decreased allocation in funds along with its aftereffects? (10 marks, 150 words) Referencehttps://www.hindustantimes.com/business-news/cut-in-states-share-in-tax-may-become-next-big-flashpoint/story-R77aApdxDN1UXfuqYgKIEM.html Upload/write your answers in the comment section

ARTICLE 356 AND JUDICIAL ACTIVISM

GS 2 Indian Constitution—significant provisions and basic structure. The recent order of the Andhra Pradesh High Court directing the Andhra Pradesh government to come prepared to argue on the ‘breakdown of constitutional machinery in the state’ is shocking as it opens up the possibility of use or even misuse of Article 356 by the judiciary.Continue reading “ARTICLE 356 AND JUDICIAL ACTIVISM”

Answer Synopsis 06/01/2021

Question : India – Canada relations have seen a blow due to remarks of Canadian PM. What would be the possible impacts of this deteriorating relation with Canada? (10 marks, 150 words) Synopsis Recently Canadian Prime Minister expressed his views on Indian farm Bills and supported farmer’s protest. Similarly, Canadian PM’s coalition partner also praisedContinue reading “Answer Synopsis 06/01/2021”

Daily GS Answer Writing 06.01.2021

Question India – Canada relations have seen a blow due to remarks of Canadian PM. What would be the possible impacts of this deteriorating relation with Canada? (10 marks, 150 words) Referencehttps://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/blogs/toi-editorials/political-games-trudeaus-comments-on-farmer-protests-can-undermine-india-canada-relations/ https://www.indiawrites.org/india-and-the-world/turning-over-a-new-leaf-in-india-canada-relations/ Upload/write your answers in the comment section

THE MADHYA PRADESH FREEDOM OF RELIGION BILL, 2020

GS 2 Indian Polity Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein. Key Features provides for a prison term of up to 10 years fine of ₹1 lakh for conversion through “marriage or byContinue reading “THE MADHYA PRADESH FREEDOM OF RELIGION BILL, 2020”

Answer Synopsis 05/01/2021

Question : This COVID-19 pandemic has exposed how differently the population groups in different economic strata are affected by pandemics. What in your opinion are the most adversely impacted populations? What measures would you suggest to provide relief to those groups? Discuss. Structure of the answer Discuss at first the different economic groups have beenContinue reading “Answer Synopsis 05/01/2021”

Daily GS Answer Writing 05.01.2021

Question This COVID-19 pandemic has exposed how differently the population groups in different economic strata are affected by pandemics. What in your opinion are the most adversely impacted populations? What measures would you suggest to provide relief to those groups? Discuss. Referencehttps://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/readersblog/covid-19-and-its-impact-on-india/covid-19-and-its-impact-on-indian-society-27565/ Structure of the answer Discuss at first the different economic groups have beenContinue reading “Daily GS Answer Writing 05.01.2021”

Issue of radicalisation in India

GS – 3 Internal Security Linkages between development and spread of extremism. Introduction          Radicalisation is associated with the political interpretation of religion and the defence, by violent means, of a religious identity perceived to be under attack. Current Scenario: India and Australia recently decided to step up their cooperation in the area of counter-terrorism includingContinue reading “Issue of radicalisation in India”

Answer Synopsis 04/01/2021

Question :Examine the appositeness of Urban Forest Programme launched recently in changing the face of cities and helps in biodiversity conservation. Explain the different kinds of forestry in the vogue and its benefits? Structure of the answer Recent introduction of Nagar Van or Urban Forest programme would make a better introduction. Discuss the significance ofContinue reading “Answer Synopsis 04/01/2021”

Daily GS Answer Writing 04.01.2021

Question Examine the appositeness of Urban Forest Programme launched recently in changing the face of cities and helps in biodiversity conservation. Explain the different kinds of forestry in the vogue and its benefits? Referencehttps://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/energy-and-environment/world-environment-day-centre-launches-programme-to-increase-forest-cover-in-urban-areas/article31754582.ece Structure of the answer Recent introduction of Nagar Van or Urban Forest programme would make a better introduction. Discuss the significanceContinue reading “Daily GS Answer Writing 04.01.2021”

India Nepal

GS 2 International Relations Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests. Introduction                    India and Nepal share a unique relationship, both of them share friendship and cooperation underpinned by linguistic, cultural and civilizational links, along with a wide range of commercial and economic ties, and above they are linked withContinue reading “India Nepal”

Economy Slow Down In India

GS 3 Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment. Introduction                COVID19  pandemic has pulled down the global economy and India’s economy is one of the worst affected among them. Current Scenario: In the first quarter of the financial year (April-June),  India’s economy had contracted by an unprecedented 23.9%. Continue reading “Economy Slow Down In India”

Hazardous ideas for the Himalayas

GS 3 ENVIRONMENT Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment. Introduction               The Himalayas, or Himalaya, is a mountain range in Asia separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau.               The range has many of Earth’s highest peaks, including the highest, Mount Everest, at the border between Nepal and China. Current Scenario:Continue reading “Hazardous ideas for the Himalayas”

Answer Synopsis 21/12/2020

Question :Covid stricken India have witnessed the plight of migrant laborers.  Point out the reasons for this and the measures needed to tackle it? Synopsis Migrant workers are considered as the backbone of the industrial sector. The disturbing visuals of these migrant workers on the roads and their deaths on the way to native placesContinue reading “Answer Synopsis 21/12/2020”

Daily GS Answer Writing 21.12.2020

Question Covid stricken India have witnessed the plight of migrant laborers.  Point out the reasons for this and the measures needed to tackle it? Referencehttps://www.epw.in/journal/2020/16/editorials/plight-stranded-workers.html Upload/write your answers in the comment section

PM-KUSUM

GS 3 Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment. Introduction              Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) has launched the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Urja Suraksha evem Utthan Mahabhiyan (PM KUSUM) Scheme for farmers for installation of solar pumps and grid connected solar and other renewable power plants inContinue reading “PM-KUSUM”

Antitrust Lawsuits

GS 3 Science and Technology Awareness in the fields of IT Introduction              The issue of anti-competitive practices by Tech giants has come into the light again as recently.              An antitrust lawsuit was filed by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and governments of 48 US states against the tech giant Facebook. accusing it of crushing smaller competitorsContinue reading “Antitrust Lawsuits”

Central Vista Project

GS 2 Indian Polity Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these. GS 3 Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development. Introduction               Central Vista Project, the PM of India laid the foundation stone of the new Parliament building.             Objections were raised against the project due toContinue reading “Central Vista Project”

Answer Synopsis 18/12/2020

Question :Differently abled are among one of the most vulnerable sections of the society in the age of social dynamics. Comment. What are the measures taken by the government for the welfare of this section of people? Structure of the answer Write down how the differently abled are vulnerable to the changing situations in society.Continue reading “Answer Synopsis 18/12/2020”

Daily GS Answer Writing 18.12.2020

Question Differently abled are among one of the most vulnerable sections of the society in the age of social dynamics. Comment. What are the measures taken by the government for the welfare of this section of people? Referencehttps://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/beyond-the-barriers-of-disability/article32624953.ece Structure of the answer Write down how the differently abled are vulnerable to the changing situations inContinue reading “Daily GS Answer Writing 18.12.2020”

Answer Synopsis 17/12/2020

Question :Discuss the unparallell role played by Birsa Munda in the history of India? Structure of the answer Describe the role and importance of Birsa Munda in the Indian history. Synopsis Birsa Munda was an important figure in the Indian history due to his efforts to strengthen tribal community. Birsa Munda’s parents were Sugana Munda,Continue reading “Answer Synopsis 17/12/2020”

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