Current Affairs 1st September 2021

1. News : The Indian Railways plans to operate 102 Vande Bharat trains by March 2024.

Source: The Hindu

  • The Train18, later named Vande Bharat Express, was rolled out by the Integral Coach Factory, Chennai under the Indian government’s Make in India initiative.
  • India’s first semi high-speed train
  • The train is a 100% ‘Make in India’ project.
  • Railways operates two Vande Bharat trains, one from Delhi to Varanasiand the other from Delhi to Katra.

2. News : 100years has passed since the Bacillus Calmette–Guérin (BCG) vaccine was introduced to combat tuberculosis (TB) on 18 July, 1921.

Source: The Hindu

  • Bacillus Calmette–Guérin (BCG) vaccine is a vaccine primarily used against tuberculosis (TB).
  • BCG is the only licensed vaccine available for the prevention of TB.
  • TB is caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis, belonging to the Mycobacteriaceae family.
  • TB most commonly affects the lungs. TB is spread from person to person through the air.

Initiatives by India

  • The Nikshay Ecosystem
  • Nikshay Poshan Yojana (NPY)
  • TB Harega Desh Jeetega Campaign
  • The Saksham Project

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