Current Affairs 03rd August 2021

1. News : Ashwagandha

source: The Hindu

  • Ashwagandha: The Ministry of Ayush has collaborated with the U.K.’s London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) to conduct a study on ‘Ashwagandha’ for promoting recovery from COVID-19.
  • Researchers from IIT-Delhi and AIST have used Ashwagandha and propolis based compounds to target the main coronavirus’s enzyme, known as the Main protease or Mpro.
  • Mpro plays a key role in mediating viral replication
  • Ashwagandha (scientific name- Withania somnifera) is a medicinal herb. It is reputed as an immunity enhancer.It is commonly called as ‘Indian winter cherry’.
  • The government has also launched the ‘AYUSH Sanjivani’ App.
  • The app intends to generate data on usage of AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, Sowa-rigpa and Homoeopathy) advocacies and measures among the population and its impact in prevention of Covid-19

2. News : India, China establish hotline in north Sikkim:

Source: pib

  • A hotline is a direct phone line set up for a specific purpose, especially for use in emergencies or for communication between heads of government.
  • At present, India and China have two military hotlines in eastern Ladakh, among others at Chushul and Daulat Beg Oldi.
  • Now it is established  between Indian Army at Kongra La in north Sikkim and the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) at Khamba Dzong in the Tibet Autonomous Region to further the spirit of trust and cordial relations along the border.

3. News : Vanishing permafrost

Source: The Hindu

Permafrost: Areas with ground temperatures that remain below zero degrees Celsius for more than two years are called permafrost. These permanently frozen grounds are most common in regions with high mountains and in Earth’s higher latitudes—near the North and South Poles (Tundra and Taiga regions).

  • When thawing (Rapid global warming is accelerating permafrost collapse) , permafrost releases its long-buried elements into the environment— its organic gas is converted into greenhouse gases (carbon dioxide and the extremely potent methane), its mercury can be toxic for humans and animals. It can also lead to the coming back to life of thousand-year-old viruses and lead to an outbreak of new diseases

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