Answer Synopsis 11.11.20

  1. “India’s evolving multi-polar foreign policy is reflected in India’s Affiance to QUAD”. Comment. (15 marks, 250 words)

Structure of Answer

  • Write an Introduction abour QUAD
  • Write how India’s multi polar foreign policy
  • Write how it is reflected in India’s affiance to QUAD.
  • Write a way forward and a balanced conclusion.


Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (Quad) is the informal strategic dialogue between India, USA, Japan and Australia with a shared objective to ensure and support a “free, open and prosperous” Indo-Pacific region.

  • To keep the critical sea routes in the Indo-Pacific free of any influence (especially China).

India’s multi polar foreign policy

  • In the New Millenia, world is changing into a multipolar one, from a Unipolar one lead by USA.
  • India’s Foreign policy is now shifting to a multipolar one
  • Distancing from NAM(Non Alignment Movement)
  • Getting more closer to USA in all spheres
  • Keeping evergreen friend Russia happy through buying weapons and other diplomatic and economic in interactions.
  • Asserting its role in Indian Ocean Region through engagement with island nations.
  • Countering China in its territorial ambitions, but positive engagements in other areas like trade (India didn’t join BRI(Belt Road Initiative), but cooperates in BRICS)
  • Opposing Western world in Multilateral forums(World Bank, IMF etc ) along with developing nations& China(Started Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank , BRICS Bank).
  • Demanding India’s rightful place in UN Security Council through a permanent seat.
  • Engagement with SAARC, and isolating Pakistan.
  • Seeking more meaningful engagement with Islamic countries Like Iran(Chabahar Project), UAE (diaspora investment) etc
  • Assuming leadership of developing and poor countries through forums like Climate summits and WTO.

India’s multi-polar foreign policy  reflected in India’s Affiance to QUAD

  • India is cooperating with USA, Japan, Australia on basis of shared interest.
  • Quad is to share notes and collaborate on projects of mutual interest.
  • Vision of an open and free Indo-Pacific.
    • in development and economic projects
    • in promoting maritime domain awareness
    • In maritime security.
  • Is one of the many avenues for interaction among India, Australia, Japan and the US.
  • To counter China’s aggressive expansion in Indo-Pacific area.
  • The Quad is a plurilateral mechanism between countries that share interest on specific matters.
    • Entire focus on the Indo-Pacific makes the Quad a maritime rather than a land-based grouping.
    • Raising questions whether the cooperation extends to the Asia-Pacific and Eurasian regions.
  • There are also common references to
    • the creation of a free,open and inclusive regional architecture
    • rules of the road
    • freedom of navigation
    • over-flight
    • ASEAN centrality.
  • To Counter China:
    • The Chinese labelled QUAD as an Asian version of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
    • Against advancement of
    • a new claim the Nine-Dash Line in the South China Sea. built its first overseas base in Djibouti.
    • It started systematically to explore the surface and sub-surface environment in the Indian Ocean beyond the Malacca Straits.
  • This entire activity was coordinated by a Central Leading Small Group for Protecting Maritime Rights and Interests, established in 2012.
    • Against China’s dismissal of the Arbitral Award.
    • Against China In the dispute with the Philippines on the South China Sea.
    • Against brazen militarisation of the islands after China’s President had publicly pronounced to the contrary.

Way Forward

  • Need to better explain that the Indo-Pacific Vision is an overarching framework.
    • discussed in a transparent manner
    • with the objective of advancing everyone’s economic and security interests.
  • The forthcoming Ministerial meeting will be an opportunity 
    • to define the idea and chart a future path.
  • A positive agenda built around collective action in humanitarian assistance and disaster relief.
  • Monitoring shipping for search and rescue or anti-piracy operations.
  • Infrastructure assistance to climatically vulnerable states.
  • Connectivity initiatives and similar activities
    • will re-assure the littoral States that the Quad will be a factor for regional benefit.
  • India should develop a comprehensive vision on the Indo-Pacific 
    • which would ideate on the maritime challenges.
    • consolidate its military and non-military tools.
    • engage its strategic partners.
  • An outreach to the Indian Ocean littoral states is especially important.


‘broader Asia’ that broke away geographical boundaries is now beginning to take on a distinct form. It is the right time to realise this dream.QUAD is an opportunity to re-establish this balance.

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