Online Education

GS 2- GOVERNANCE : Issues Relating to Development and Management of Social Sector/Services relating to Education


       Online learning involves courses offered by post secondary institutions that are 100% virtual, excluding massively open online courses. Online learning, or virtual classes offered over the internet, is contrasted with traditional courses taken in a brick-and-mortar school building.

  • For good education, one must lead the child’s current interests and abilities organically to logically organised human knowledge.
  • With the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, the NCERT has come up with Learning Enhancement Guidelines.
  • declares that 60-70% students, teachers and parents consider learning satisfactory.
  • survey asks a single question on the feeling of students using the criteria of ‘joyful to burdensome’.
  • The happiness of the student while learning is, of course, important.
  • says nothing about the quantum and depth of learning.

Exacerbation of Inequality

  • The migrants had to walk back thousands of kilometres.
  • lack of access to school as well as any form of teaching.
  • Government began plans for students with no online access.
  • Plans assume semi-literate/illiterate parents teaching children, community involvement, mobile pools, and so on.(more absurd than any substantial improvement)
  • Many among those who have access to the internet have sub-par connections.
  • provided content does not reach the students.

The ills of online mode

  • Many misconceptions and ambiguities in science and maths videos(emphasis is more on ‘tricks’ to remember than laying the stress on conceptual understanding.)
  • Delhi Government uses videos by Khan Academy(NPO-free education)-quality has been questioned by many American Educators.
  • Missing in the online mode meaning the learning outcomes will be lower.

Learning Enhancement Guidelines by NCERT:

  • Pushes for a reformation of school education towards online mode even if the pandemic will get over.
  • recommends using “alternative modes of education for the whole academic session including:
    • Internet-based
    • radio
    • podcast
    • community radio
    • IVRS
    • TV DTH Channels,
  • Transformation of schools will further devastate the already inadequate system of school education in the country.

Way Forward

  • IT can be used in a balanced manner where it can help.
  • IT should not be seen as a silver bullet to remedy all ills in the education system.


      The importance of an institutional environment cannot be overemphasized when one thinks of online teaching.

      Students themselves create an environment that supports their growth morally, socially and intellectually in conversations and interactions with each other.The online mode of teaching forecloses this opportunity.

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