India’s stand on the LAC

GS 2-INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS : India and its neighborhood- relations.


           Ongoing Chinese aggression at the Line of Actual Control,there is little clarity even today either in the country’s strategic community or the general public on the exact nature of developments on the China-India border.

The Line of Actual Control (LAC) is a loose demarcation line that separates Indian-controlled territory from Chinese-controlled territory in the Sino-Indian border dispute. 

     The term was first used by Zhou Enlai in a 1959 letter to Jawaharlal Nehru.      Referred to the line formed after the 1962 Sino-Indian War, and is part of the Sino-Indian border dispute.

Government’s measure adopted:

  • Prime Minister claimed that no one had intruded into the Indian territory and captured military posts.
  • Minister of External Affairs claimed that the Chinese wanted to erect a structure in Galwan valley on Indian side of LAC.
  • Foreign Secretary wanted the status quoto be restored on the disputed border.

The government is trying to negotiate Chinese withdrawal using diplomatic means and not military means.

Other reasons that not to disclose the actual position:

  • recognized the possibility of a “two and a half front” situation emerging which will be a formidable national security challenge.

(Two and a half front war: Pertains to the Indian armed forces preparing to simultaneously fight conventional wars to the North and West, while also battling any insurgency that might be ongoing at that time in the hinterland. This in current context would mean- a restive Kashmir, an aggressive China and a Pakistan that never misses an opportunity to get at India.)

  • Limited utility when it comes to Euro-American assistance in checking China in South Asia.
  • US president adds to Indian woes.
  • To believe that India is not much militarily inferior to China.
  • West’s focus on the Indo-Pacific and the Quad as tools to check China in the maritime space.

(QUAD: Quadrilateral Security Dialogue, which is an informal strategic dialogue between the U.S., India, Japan, and Australia)

Way Forward

  • India needs to check China’s maritime influence in the region.
  • Forward coordinated institutional responses to external challenges.


       A deeply divided political landscape accentuates partisan considerations.  This could have lasting implications for the country on strategic challenges.

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